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:: Volume 13, Issue 3 (2021) ::
Iran J War Public Health 2021, 13(3): 0-0 Back to browse issues page
Neighborhood Social Capital and its Related Factors in the Coronavirus Pandemic: A sample of Iranian Older Adults
Nasibeh Zanjari1 , Zahra Aliakbarzadeh Arani 2, Ahmad Delbari1 , Mahshid Foroughan1 , Gholamreza Ghaedamini Harouni3
1- Iranian Research Center on Aging, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Spiritual Health Research Center, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran , zaliakbarzade@gmail.com
3- Social Welfare Management Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (162 Views)
Aims: Despite the importance of neighborhood social capital in well-being and health outcomes, very few studies have focused on predictors of neighborhood social capital especially among older adults. This study sought to identify the factors related to neighborhood social capital in the coronavirus pandemic among older adults in Aran & Bidgol, Isfahan, Iran.
Methods: The sample consisted of 414 community-dwelling individuals aged 60 years and older, which was chosen by the clustered sampling procedure. Bivariate analyses and linear multiple regressions were done to determine the relations between perceived neighborhood social capital and independent variables.
Findings: The mean age of the participants was 70.43 years (SD=±8.84) and 77.3% of them were married. The mean social capital score was 4.98(SD=±1.99) and the mean percentage score was 15.48(SD=±6.64). The results of the multiple regressions model showed that younger age, attachment to neighborhood, Possibility of recreational activities in the neighborhood, Know the number of neighbors and home satisfaction significantly contribute to higher neighborhood social capital (F= 5.149, R=0.14). Residence characteristics including home satisfaction and the possibility of recreational activities in the neighborhood had the strongest effect on the neighborhood social capital.
Conclusion: This study showed the neighborhood social capital was very low in the pandemic which can increase the social exclusion of older adults. Findings suggest that alternative policies should be implemented to improve proper recreational activities and connections with their neighbors, especially for the oldest-old to compensate the neighborhood social capital of older adults during the outbreak.
Keywords: Older adults| social capital| residence characteristics| neighborhood| coronavirus ,
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Veterans or Handicapped Health
Received: 2021/08/23 | Accepted: 2021/09/4 | Published: 2021/09/21
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Zanjari N, Aliakbarzadeh Arani Z, Delbari A, Foroughan M, Ghaedamini Harouni G. Neighborhood Social Capital and its Related Factors in the Coronavirus Pandemic: A sample of Iranian Older Adults. Iran J War Public Health. 2021; 13 (3)
URL: http://ijwph.ir/article-1-999-en.html

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Volume 13, Issue 3 (2021) Back to browse issues page
مجله طب جانباز Iranian Journal of War and Public Health
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