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Iran J War Public Health 2021, 13(3): 195-198 Back to browse issues page
Using Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 as a Biomarker for Detecting Progression of Different Types of Malignant Tumors
A. Zaki Jafar Al-Asady1, I. Ali Hussein Al-Hilaly 2
1- Pharmacology and Toxicology Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Kufa, Kufa, Iraq
2- Laboratory Investigation Department, Faculty of Science, University of Kufa, Kufa, Iraq , ikhlasa.alhilali@uokufa.edu.iq
Abstract:   (655 Views)
Aims: Vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 is a transmembrane glycoprotein closely related to tumorigenicity as well as tumor metastasis. It is also a well-known candidate for detecting tumors as a very common consequence of war-related symptoms. This study was designed to investigate the probability of using a cancer biomarker (VCAM-1) as an indicator for the progression of breast, lung, and bladder cancers.
Materials & Methods: This experimental study was conducted on 15 to 89 years-old patients who attended the Middle Euphrates cancer center and the breast disease clinic in AL-Sadder Medical City teaching hospital in Al-Najaf Province, Iraq, for a checkup from September 2020 to January 2021. Eighty-eight samples were selected by random sampling method; 22 patients for each breast, lung, and bladder cancer group and 22 healthy subjects as control. An Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) was used to evaluate the concentration of VCAM-1. Data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA and Tukey's multiple comparison tests.
Findings: The means±SE of VCAM-1 levels in control, breast, lung, and bladder cancer groups were 42.29±3.928ng/ml, 58.12±2.357ng/ml, 66.81±4.307ng/ml, and 82.85±7.292ng/ml, respectively. Serum VCAM-1 levels increased significantly in all groups compared to the control group (p<0.05) except in breast cancer (p>0.05). There was a significant difference only between breast and bladder cancer groups (p<0.05).
Conclusion: The highest level of VCAM-1 is in the bladder cancer group; therefore, serum VCAM-1 can be used as an indicator for bladder cancer.
Keywords: VCAM-1 [MeSH], Bladder Cancer [MeSH], Breast Cancer [MeSH], Biomarkers [MeSH], Lung Cancer [MeSH],
Full-Text [PDF 398 kb]   (30 Downloads)    
Article Type: Case/Series Report | Subject: Veterans or Handicapped Health
Received: 2021/08/16 | Accepted: 2021/08/5 | Published: 2021/11/10
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Zaki Jafar Al-Asady A, Ali Hussein Al-Hilaly I. Using Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 as a Biomarker for Detecting Progression of Different Types of Malignant Tumors. Iran J War Public Health. 2021; 13 (3) :195-198
URL: http://ijwph.ir/article-1-993-en.html


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Volume 13, Issue 3 (2021) Back to browse issues page
مجله طب جانباز Iranian Journal of War and Public Health
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