[Home ] [Archive]    
:: Current Issue :: Search :: Submit an Article ::
:: Volume 11, Issue 2 (2019) ::
Iran J War Public Health 2019, 11(2): 101-108 Back to browse issues page
Mediating Role of Psychological Security in the Relationship between Optimism and Self-Compassion with Psychological Well-Being in Veterans’ Spouses
E. Namani *1, M. Bagherian Kakhki2
1- ducational Sciences Department, Literature & Humanities Faculty, Hakim Sabzevari University, Sabzevar, Iran , a.namami@hsu.ac.ir
2- Consulting Department, Humanities Faculty, Neyshabur Branch, Islamic Azad University, Neyshabur, Iran
Abstract:   (3062 Views)
Aims: After the end of the war and the return of the warriors to the family, due to the stresses of the war and its devastating effect on the spirit and soul of the veterans, the adverse effects of war on the family, especially the spous, continue.The aim of this study was to investigate the mediating role of psychological security in the relationship between optimism and self-compassion with psychological well-being in veterans' spouses.
Instruments and Methods: In this descriptive-correlational study with the path analysis model, 226 veterans’ spouses supported by the foundation of martyrs and veterans affairs of Mashhad were selected by available sampling method in the winter of 2016. The instruments of the study included Reef’s Psychological Well-being Scales, Reis et al.’s Self-Compassion Scales, Scheier and Carver’s Optimism Scale, and Maslow's psychological security questionnaire. The data were analyzed by Amos 20 and SPSS 22 software, using Pearson correlation coefficient, path analysis method, and structural equation modeling.
Findings: There was a positive and significant correlation between psychological security with optimism and self-compassion, also, there was a positive and significant correlation optimism, self- compassion, and psychological security with psychological well-being (p<0.05). The direct effect of optimism and self- compassion on psychological well-being was not significant (p>0.05), but psychological security had a mediating role in the relationship between optimism and self- compassion with psychological well-being. Indices related to the fitting of the path model indicated a fairly favorable fit of the model (p<0.05).
Conclusion: The relationship between optimism and self-compassion with psychological well-being is not a simple linear relationship and psychological security can mediate this relationship.
Keywords: Psychological Security, Optimism, Self-compassion, Psychological well-being, Spouses, Veteran
Full-Text [PDF 730 kb]   (873 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Veterans or Handicapped Health
Received: 2018/07/22 | Accepted: 2018/12/31 | Published: 2019/05/19
* Corresponding Author Address: Educational Sciences Department, Literature & Humanities Faculty, Hakim Sabzevari University, Sabzevar, Iran. Postal Code: 9617976487
English Expanded Abstract [HTML 22 KB]  (41 Download)
1. Galla BM, Duckworth AL. More than resisting temptation: Beneficial habits mediate the relationship between self-control and positive life outcomes. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2015;109(3):508-25. [DOI:10.1037/pspp0000026]
2. Seligman MEP. Chris Peterson's unfinished masterwork: The real mental illnesses. J Posit Psychol: Special issue in memory of Chris Peterson. 2015;10(1):3-6. [DOI:10.1080/17439760.2014.888582]
3. Rozanski A. Optimism and other sources of psychological well-being: a new target for cardiac disease prevention. Circ Heart Fail. 2014;7(3):385-7. [DOI:10.1161/CIRCHEARTFAILURE.114.001303]
4. Ryff CD, Keyes CL. The structure of psychological well-being revisited. J pers Soc Psychol. 1995;69(4):719-27. [DOI:10.1037/0022-3514.69.4.719]
5. Ryff CD. Psychological well-being revisited: Advances in the science and practice of eudaimonia. Psychother Psychosom. 2014;83(1):10-28. [DOI:10.1159/000353263]
6. Ozpolat AR, Isgor IY, Sezer F. Investigating psychological well-being of university students according to lifestyles. Procedia. Soc Behav Sci. 2012;47:256-62. [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.06.648]
7. Synder CR, Lopez SJ. Handbook of positive psychology. New York: Oxford University Press; 2002.
8. Clark KD. The relationship of perceived stress and self-efficacy among correctional employees in close-security and medium-security-level institutions [Dissertation]. Minneapolis: Walden University; 2010.
9. Errisuriz VL, Pasch KE, Perry CL. Perceived stress and dietary choices: The moderating role of stress management. Eat Behav. 2016;22:211-6. [DOI:10.1016/j.eatbeh.2016.06.008]
10. Zessin U, Dickhäuser O, Garbade S. The relationship between self-compassion and well-Being: A meta-analysis. Appl Psychol Health Well Being. 2015;7(3):340-64. [DOI:10.1111/aphw.12051]
11. Morin A. Science explains the link between self-compassion and success [Internet]. Jersey City, New Jersey: Forbes: 2015 [cited 2018 May 12]. Available from: https://bit.ly/2UuSRbM
12. Raes F, Pommier E, Neff KD, Van Gucht D. Construction and factorial validation of a short form of the self-compassion scale. Clin psychol psychother. 2011;18(3):250-5. [DOI:10.1002/cpp.702]
13. Jennings LK, Philip Tan P. Self-compassion and life satisfaction in gay men. Psychol Rep. 2014;115(3):888-95. [DOI:10.2466/21.07.PR0.115c33z3]
14. Allen AB, Goldwasser ER, Leary MR. Self-compassion and wellbeing among older adults. Self Identity. 2012;11(4):428-53. [DOI:10.1080/15298868.2011.595082]
15. Przezdziecki A, Sherman KA, Baillie A, Taylor A, Foley E, Stalgis-Bilinsk K. My changed body: breast cancer, body image, distress and self-compassion. Psychooncolo. 2013;22(8):1872-9. [DOI:10.1002/pon.3230]
16. Jacobson EHK, Wilson KG, Kurz AS, Kellum KK. Examining self-compassion in romantic relationships. J Context Behav Sci. 2018;8:69-73. [DOI:10.1016/j.jcbs.2018.04.003]
17. Zeller M, Yuval K, Nitzan-Assayag Y, Bernstein A. Self-compassion in recovery following potentially traumatic stress: Longitudinal study of at-risk youth. J Abnorm Child Psychol. 2015;43(4):645-53. [DOI:10.1007/s10802-014-9937-y]
18. Carver CS, Scheier MF, Segerstrom SC. Optimism. Clin psychol rev. 2010;30(7):879-89. [DOI:10.1016/j.cpr.2010.01.006]
19. Miller DL, Manne SL, Taylor K, Keates J, Dougherty J. Psychological distress and well-being in advanced cancer: The effects of optimism and coping. J Clin Psychol Med Settings. 1996;3(2):115-30. [DOI:10.1007/BF01996132]
20. Luszczynska A, Gutierrez-Dona B, Schwarzer R. General self-efficacy in various domains of human functioning: evidence from five countries. Int J Psychol. 2005;40(2):80-9. [DOI:10.1080/00207590444000041]
21. Karademas EC. Self-efficacy, social support and well-being: the mediating role of optimism. Pers Individ Differ. 2006;40(6):1281-90. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2005.10.019]
22. Eid M, Diener E. Global judgments of subjective well-being: situational variability and longterm stability. Soc Indicators Res. 2004;65(3):245-77. [DOI:10.1023/B:SOCI.0000003801.89195.bc]
23. Bergheim K, Eid J, Hystad SW, Birkeland Nielsen M, Mearns K, Larsson G, et al. The role of psychological capital in perception of safety climate among air traffic controllers. J Leadersh Organ Stud. 2013;20(2):232- 41. [DOI:10.1177/1548051813475483]
24. Kruzich JM, Mienko JA, Courtney ME. Individual and work group influences on turnover intention among public child welfare workers: The effects of work group psychological safety. Child Youth Serv Rev. 2014;42:20-7. [DOI:10.1016/j.childyouth.2014.03.005]
25. Kumcagiz H, Gunduz Y. Relationship between psychological well-being and smartphone addiction of university students. Int J Higher Educ. 2016;5(4):144-56. [DOI:10.5430/ijhe.v5n4p144]
26. Bradley BH, Postlethwaite BE, Klotz AC, Hamdani MR, Brown KG. Reaping the benefits of task conflict in teams: the critical role of team psychological safety climate. J Appl Psychol. 2012;97(1):151-8. [DOI:10.1037/a0024200]
27. Dierendonck DV. The construct validity of Ryff's scales of psychological well-being and its extension with spiritual well-being. Pers Individ Differ. 2004;36(3):629-43. [DOI:10.1016/S0191-8869(03)00122-3]
28. Ryff CD, Lee YH, Essex MJ, Schmutte PS. My children and me: midlife evaluations of grown children and of self. Psychol Aging. 1994;9(2):195-205. [DOI:10.1037/0882-7974.9.2.195]
29. Bayani AA, Koochaki AM, Bayani A. Reliability and validity of Ryff's psychological well-being scales. Iran J Psychiatr Clin Psychol. 2008;14(2):146-51. [Persian]
30. Shahbazi M, Rajabi Gh, Moghami E, Jelodari A. Confirmatory factor analysis of the persian version of the self-compassion rating scale-revised. J Psychol Models Methods. 2015;6(19):31-46. [Persian]
31. Cohen S, Janicki-Deverts D. Who's stressed? Distributions of psychological stress in the United States in probability samples from 1983, 2006 and 2009. J Appl Soc Psychol. 2012;42(6):1320-34. [DOI:10.1111/j.1559-1816.2012.00900.x]
32. Leary MR, Tate EB, Adams CE, Battsat AA, Hancock J. Self-compassion and reactions to unpleasant self-relevant events: the implications of treating oneself kindly. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2007;92(5):887-904. [DOI:10.1037/0022-3514.92.5.887]
33. Bluth K, Blanton PW. The influence of self-compassion on emotional well-being among early and older adolescent males and females. J Posit Psychol. 2015;10(3):219-30. [DOI:10.1080/17439760.2014.936967]
34. Mülazım ÇÖ, Eldeleklioğlu J. What is the role of self-compassion on subjective happiness and life satisfaction? J Hum Sci. 2016;13(3):3895-904. [DOI:10.14687/jhs.v13i3.4001]
35. Sabaitytė E, Diržytė A. Psychological capital, self-compassion, and life satisfaction of unemployed youth. Int J Psycholo Biopsychosoc Approach. 2019;19:49-69. [DOI:10.7220/2345-024X.19.3]
36. Magnus C, Kowalski KC, McHugh TLF. The role of self- compassion in women's self-determined motives to exercise and exercise-related outcomes. Self Identity. 2010;9(4):363-82. [DOI:10.1080/15298860903135073]
37. Berry KA, Kowalski KC, Ferguson LJ, McHugh TLF. An empirical phenomenology of young adult women exercisers' body self-compassion. Qual Res Sport Exerc. 2010;2(3):293-312. [DOI:10.1080/19398441.2010.517035]
38. Neff KD, Rude SS, Kirkpatrick KL. An examination of self-compassion in relation to positive psychological functioning and personality traits. J Res Pres. 2007;41(4):908-16. [DOI:10.1016/j.jrp.2006.08.002]
39. Neff KD, Hsieh YP, Dejitterat K. Self-compassion, achievement goals, and coping with academic failure. Self Identity. 2005;4(3):263-87. [DOI:10.1080/13576500444000317]
40. Allen AB, Leary MR. Self-Compassion, Stress, and Coping. Soc Pers Psychol Compass. 2010;4(2):107-18. [DOI:10.1111/j.1751-9004.2009.00246.x]
41. Neff KD. The science of self-compassion. In: Germer CK, Siegel RD, editors. Wisdom and Compassion in Psychotherapy. New York: The Guilford Press; 2012. p.79-92.
42. Neff KD, Kirkpatrick KL, Rude SS. Self-compassion and adaptive psychological functioning. J Res Pers. 2007;41(1):139-54. [DOI:10.1016/j.jrp.2006.03.004]
43. Eriksson M, Lindstrom B. Antonovsky's sense of coherence scale and the relation with health: a systematic review. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2006;60(5):376-81. [DOI:10.1136/jech.2005.041616]
44. Akamani K, Hall TE. Determinants of the process and outcomes of household participation in collaborative forest management in Ghana: a quantitative test of a community resilience model. J Environ Manag. 2015;147:1-11. [DOI:10.1016/j.jenvman.2014.09.007]
45. Uysal R. Life satisfaction and self-compassion: a structural equation modelling. Int J Curr Res. 2014;6(6):7251-6.
46. Vastamaki J. Sense of coherence and unemployment [Dissertation]. Erlangen and Nuremberg, Bavaria, Germany: University of Erlangen-Nuremberg and University of Kuopio; 2010.
47. Thomas LJ, Asselin M. Promoting resilience among nursing students in clinical education. Nurse Educ Pract. 2018;28:231-4. [DOI:10.1016/j.nepr.2017.10.001]
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Namani E, Bagherian Kakhki M. Mediating Role of Psychological Security in the Relationship between Optimism and Self-Compassion with Psychological Well-Being in Veterans’ Spouses. Iran J War Public Health. 2019; 11 (2) :101-108
URL: http://ijwph.ir/article-1-783-en.html

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 11, Issue 2 (2019) Back to browse issues page
مجله طب جانباز Iranian Journal of War and Public Health
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 31 queries by YEKTAWEB 4419