[Home ] [Archive]    
:: Current Issue :: Search :: Submit an Article ::
:: Volume 11, Issue 1 (2019) ::
Iran J War Public Health 2019, 11(1): 35-40 Back to browse issues page
Correlation between Family Function, Self-Differentiation, and Life Satisfaction with Attitude toward Marriage of Veteran's Children
Gh. Abbasi *1, S.S. Hoseyni2
1- Psychology Department, Psychology Faculty, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran , gh_abbasi@iausari.ac.ir
2- Consulting Department, Faculty of Humanities, Electronic Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (3069 Views)

Aims: The adverse effects of war have been well proven on the veterans’ children. However, very little research has shown the effect of these adverse effects on marriage and attitude of veteran’s children toward marriage. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between self-differentiation, family function, and life satisfaction with the attitude toward marriage of veterans' children.
Instruments and Methods: In this descriptive-correlational study, 300 veterans' children were selected from different units of foundation of martyrs and veterans affairs of Qaem Shahr in 2018. The statistical population of this research included all the veterans’ children in Qaem Shahr in the mentioned year. The subjects were selected by convenience sampling method. The data were collected, using attitude toward marriage scale, self-differentiation inventory, family assessment device, and life satisfaction scale. The data were analyzed by SPSS 21, using Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression analysis tests.
Findings: There was a negative and significant relation between family function and attitude toward marriage (r=-0.30), and there was a positive and significant relationship between attitude toward marriage with self-differentiation (r=0.25) and life satisfaction (r=0.23). 30% of the variance in attitude toward marriage resulted from family functioning, self-differentiation subscales including I-position, emotional reactivity, and life satisfaction (p<0.05). Also, among the variables of the research, family function had the most role in predicting attitude towards marriage of veterans’ children.
Conclusion: family function, self-differentiation, and life satisfaction can play an important role in predicting attitude toward marriage of veterans' children.

Keywords: Family, Self-Differentiation, Life Satisfaction, Attitude toward Marriage, Veteran, Children
Full-Text [PDF 386 kb]   (605 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: War/Accident Related Injuries and its Complications
Received: 2018/06/2 | Accepted: 2018/10/9 | Published: 2019/03/12
* Corresponding Author Address: Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, 7Kilometer of Sea Road, Sari, Mazandaran, Iran. Postal Code: 4816119318
English Expanded Abstract [HTML 24 KB]  (51 Download)
1. Schaeffer MC. Why are you crying?: The impact of parental trauma on the child [Internet]. Saint Paul: St Catherine University; 2012 [cited 2018 May 12]. Available from: https://sophia.stkate.edu/msw_papers/86/
2. Dekel R, Goldblatt H. Is there intergenerational transmission of trauma? The case of combat veterans' children. Am J Orthopsychiatry. 2008;78(3):281-9. [DOI:10.1037/a0013955]
3. Frančišković T, Stevanović A, Jelušić I, Roganović B, Klarić M, Grković J. Secondary traumatization of wives of war veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder. Croat Med J. 2007;48(2):177-84.
4. Vafaei T, Khosravi S, Moein L. Comparison between communication patterns of devotee spouses and normal person's spouses. Iran J War Public Health. 2009;2(5):20-6. [Persian]
5. Klarić M, Frančišković T, Klarić B, Kvesić A, Kaštelan A, Graovac M, et al. Psychological problems in children of war veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Cross-sectional study. Croat Med J. 2008;49(4):491-8. [DOI:10.3325/cmj.2008.4.491]
6. Riggio HR, Weiser DA. Attitudes toward marriage: Embeddedness and outcomes in personal relationships. Pers Relatsh. 2008;15(1):123-40. [DOI:10.1111/j.1475-6811.2007.00188.x]
7. Park SS, Rosén LA. The marital scales: Measurement of intent, attitudes, and aspects
8. regarding marital relationships. J Divorce Remarriage. 2013;54(4):295-312.
9. Willoughby BJ. Using marital attitudes in late adolescence to predict later :union: transitions. Youth Soc. 2014;46(3):425-40. [DOI:10.1177/0044118X12436700]
10. Bivona-Guttadauro RE. The intergenerational transmission of attitudes on divorce and marriage [Dissertation]. San Jose: San Jose State University; 2013.
11. Kim HS, Jung YM. Self-differentiation, family functioning, life satisfaction and attitudes towards marriage among South Korean University students. Indian J Sci Technol. 2015;8(19):76862. [DOI:10.17485/ijst/2015/v8i19/76862]
12. Winek JL. Systemic family therapy: From theory to practice. 1st Edition. Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications; 2009.
13. Herzog MJ, Cooney TM. Parental divorce and perceptions of past interparental conflict. J Divorce Remarriage. 2002;36(3-4):89-109. [DOI:10.1300/J087v36n03_06]
14. Muench DM, Landrum RE. Family dynamics and attitudes toward marriage. J Psychol. 1994;128(4):425-31. [DOI:10.1080/00223980.1994.9712748]
15. Khojasteh Mehr R, Mombeini J, Aslani Kh. A comparison of attitude toward marriage, attitude toward divorce and peer attachment of male high school students in divorced and intact families. J Sch Psychol. 2013;2(3):57-75. [Persian]
16. Skowron EA, Friedlander ML. The differentiation of self inventory: Development and initial validation. J Couns Psychol. 1998;45(3):235-46. [DOI:10.1037/0022-0167.45.3.235]
17. Barr AB, Simons RL. Marriage expectations among African American couples in early adulthood: a dyadic analysis. J Marriage Fam. 2012;74(4):726-42. [DOI:10.1111/j.1741-3737.2012.00985.x]
18. Thornton A, Freedman D. Changing attitudes toward marriage and single life. Fam Plann Perspect. 1982;14(6):297-303. [DOI:10.2307/2134600]
19. Moss E, Willoughby BJ. Associations between beliefs about marriage and life satisfaction: The moderating role of relationship status and gender. J Fam Stud. 2018;24(3):274-90. [DOI:10.1080/13229400.2016.1187658]
20. Shefali SK, Navya Shree GC. Attitude towards marriage and life satisfaction among mid adults. Int J Indian Psychol. 2016;3(3):130-7.
21. Diener E, Ryan K. Subjective well-being: A general overview. S Afr J Psychol. 2009;39(4):391-406. [DOI:10.1177/008124630903900402]
22. Tay L, Diener E. Needs and subjective well-being around the world. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2011;101(2):354-65. [DOI:10.1037/a0023779]
23. Zhang J, Zhao S, Lester D, Zhou C. Life satisfaction and its correlates among college students in China: A test of social reference theory. Asian J Psychiatr. 2014;10:17-20. [DOI:10.1016/j.ajp.2013.06.014]
24. Luhmann M, Lucas RE, Eid M, Diener E. The prospective effect of life satisfaction on life events. Soc Psychol Personal Sci. 2013;4(1):39-45. [DOI:10.1177/1948550612440105]
25. Kaveh Firooz Z, Sarem A. Effect of lifestyle factors on single girls' attitude toward marriage: A study on employees of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. J Soc Probl Iran. 2017;8(1):73-95. [Persian]
26. Uğur E. Marital attitudes as a mediator on the relationship between respect toward partner and subjective happiness. J Fam Couns Educ. 2016;1(1):25-30. [DOI:10.32568/jfce.282742]
27. Kinnaird KL, Gerrard M. Premarital sexual behavior and attitudes toward marriage and divorce among young women as a function of their mothers' marital status. J Marriage Fam. 1986;48(4):757-65. [DOI:10.2307/352568]
28. Moats MM. The effects of parental marriage, divorce and conflict on college students' attitudes toward marriage and divorce [Dissertation]. Oxford OH: Miami University; 2004.
29. Branch-Harris C, Cox A. The effects of parental divorce on young adults attitudes towards divorce. [Dissertation]. Carbondale IL: Southern Illinois University Carbondale; 2015.
30. Drake JR. Differentiation of self inventory - short form: Creation and initial evidence of construct validity [Dissertation]. Kansas City: University of Missouri-Kansas City; 2011.
31. Fakhkhari N, Latifiyan M, Etemad J. Evaluation of psychometric characteristics of the short form of the self-differentiation questionnaire in Iranian students. Educ Meas. 2014;5(15):35-58. [Persian]
32. Epstein NB, Baldwin LM, Bishop DS. The McMaster family assessment device. J Marital Fam Ther. 1983;9(2):171-80. [DOI:10.1111/j.1752-0606.1983.tb01497.x]
33. Sanaei B, Alaghband S, Hooman A. Measurement scales of family and marriage. Tehran: Be'sat; 2000. [Persian]
34. Zulkifli B, Ishak N, Saad Z. The reliability of McMaster Family Assesment Device (FAD) instruments among delinquent teenagers. J Hum Soc Sci. 2017;7(5):40-3.
35. Youssefi N. Investigating of psychometric indices of measurement scales of McMaster Family Assesment Device (FAD). Educ Meas. 2012;3(7):83-112. [Persian]
36. Diener E, Emmons RA, Larsen RJ, Griffin S. The satisfaction with life scale. J Pers Assess. 1985;49(1):71-5. [DOI:10.1207/s15327752jpa4901_13]
37. López-Ortega M, Torres-Castro S, Rosas-Carrasco O. Psychometric properties of the Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS): Secondary analysis of the Mexican Health and Aging Study. Health Qual Life Outcomes. 2016;14:170. [DOI:10.1186/s12955-016-0573-9]
38. Sheikhi M, Houman HA, Ahadi H, Sepah Mansour M. Psychometric properties of the Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS). Thought Behav Clin Psychol. 2011;5(19):17-29. [Persian]
39. Bagheriyan M, Kazemiyan S. Relationship between attitude towards marriage and divorce with family social components in students of Hazrat Zeynab Nursing Faculty of Larestan. Dena. 2011;6(1-2):11-20. [Persian]
40. Lazinski MJ. Young peoples' feelings about and attitudes towards marriage: the influence of attachment style and early family functioning [Dissertation]. Victoria: University of Victoria; 2016.
41. Petani R. Correlation between family interaction and adolescents' attitudes. Andragoška Spoznanja. 2011;17(3):10-22. [DOI:10.4312/as.17.3.10-22]
42. Kapinus CA. The effect of parents' attitudes toward divorce on offspring's attitudes. J Fam Issues. 2004;25(1):112-35. [DOI:10.1177/0192513X02250860]
43. Jahanbakhshi Z, Kalantarkousheh SM. Relationship between dimensions of early maladaptive schemas and differentiation with desire to marriage among females and males students of Allameh Tabatabai University. Fam Couns Psychother. 2012;2(2):234-54. [Persian]
44. Goldberg I, Goldberg H. Family therapy: an overview. 8th Edition. Boston: Cengage Learning; 2007.
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Abbasi G, Hoseyni S. Correlation between Family Function, Self-Differentiation, and Life Satisfaction with Attitude toward Marriage of Veteran's Children. Iran J War Public Health. 2019; 11 (1) :35-40
URL: http://ijwph.ir/article-1-776-en.html

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 11, Issue 1 (2019) Back to browse issues page
مجله طب جانباز Iranian Journal of War and Public Health
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 31 queries by YEKTAWEB 4374