[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Volume 11, Issue 4 (Fall 2019) ::
Iran J War Public Health 2019, 11(4): 175-182 Back to browse issues page
Effectiveness of the Spiritual-Islamic Healing Group Therapy on Increasing the Resilience and Life Expectancy of Veterans with Mental Disorders
A. Afshari *
Psychology Department, Human Science Faculty, University of Maragheh, Maragheh, Iran , a_afshari@maragheh.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1177 Views)
Aim(s): The war and its resulting stresses caused mental disorders as a prevalent problem in disabled veterans and their families. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of the spiritual-Islamic healing group therapy on increasing the resilience and life expectancy of veterans with mental disorders.
Instruments & Methods: This semi-experimental study with the pretest-posttest design was carried out on 30 people of veterans with mental disorders in Maragheh city in 2018. The subjects were selected by convenience sampling method and randomly assigned in to the two control and experimental groups (n=15 in each group). The research instruments were the Connor-Davidson resilience scale and Schneider life expectancy scale. The spiritual-Islamic healing group therapy was implemented for the experimental group in 8 sessions-in 90 minutes during the 10 weeks. Data were analyzed through SPSS 21 software using multivariable analysis of covariance test (MANCOVA).
Findings: By controlling the effect of the pretest, there was a significant difference between the mean scores of the posttest stage in the life expectancy and resilience in the control and experimental groups. After the intervention, the mean scores of these variables in the experimental group was higher than the control group (p<0.05).
Conclusion: The spiritual-Islamic healing group therapy improves the resilience and life expectancy in veterans with mental disorders.
Keywords: Spiritual-Islamic Healing Group, Resilience, Life Expectancy, Veterans
Full-Text [PDF 840 kb]   (60 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Veteran’s Health
Received: 2019/02/12 | Accepted: 2019/06/15 | Published: 2019/12/15
* Corresponding Author Address: University of Maragheh, Madar Square, Amir Kabir Highway, Maragheh, East Azerbaijan, Iran. Postal code: 5518183111
1. Parandeh A, Sirati Nir M, Khaghanizadeh M, Karimi Zarchi AA. Comparison the effect of training of conflict resolution and relaxation on quality of life's spouses of war veterans affected posttraumatic stress disorder with major depression disorder. Q J Fundam Ment Health. 2007;9(33-34):67-76. [Persian]
2. Kramer GY, Ayers T, Mishkind M, Norem A. DoD telemental health guidebook. Arlington County: Defense Centers of Excellence; 2011.
3. Smucker Barnwell SV, Juretic MA, Hoerster KD, Van de Plasch R, Felker BL. VA Puget Sound telemental health service to rural veterans: a growing program. Psychol Serv. 2012;9(2):209-11. [DOI:10.1037/a0025999]
4. Vafaei T, Khosravi S. The comparison between mental health of devotee's spouses and normal person's spouses. Iran J War Public Health. 2009;1(4):9-13. [Persian]
5. Ahmadi K, Shahi R, Habibi M. Qualification of studies conducted on the mental health status of veterans: a systematic review. J Behav Sci. 2011; 5(3):217-24. [Persian]
6. Ahmadi M, Bahaadinbeigi K, Noori T. Viewpoints of veterans affected by psychological disorders towards usage of telemental services for war veterans. Iran J War Public Health. 2013;6(1) :51-9. [Persian]
7. Rezapour Mirsaleh Y, Behjatmanesh A, Tavallaei SV. Role of secondary post-traumatic stress disorder and resilience on academic motivation and performance of veterans' student children. Iran J War Public Health. 2016:8(4):225-33. [Persian]
8. Keihani M, Taghvaei D, Rajabi A, Amirpour B. Internal consistency and confirmatory factor analysis of the Connor-Davidson resilience scale (CD-RISC) among nursing female. Iran J Med Educ. 2015;14(10):857-65. [Persian]
9. Conner KM, Davidson JRT. Development of a new resilience scale: The Conner-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC). Depress Anxiety. 2003; 18(2): 76-82. [DOI:10.1002/da.10113]
10. Waller MA. Resilience in ecosystemic context: evolution of the child. Am J Orthopsychiatry. 2001;71(3):290-7. [DOI:10.1037/0002-9432.71.3.290]
11. Putwain DW, Nicholson LJ, Connors L, Woods K. Resilient children are less tests anxious and perform better in tests at the end of primary schooling. Learn Individ Differ. 2013;28(2):41-6. [DOI:10.1016/j.lindif.2013.09.010]
12. Yarnell LM, Neff KD. Self-compassion, interpersonal conflict resolutions, and well-being. Self Identity. 2013;12(2):146-59.‌ [DOI:10.1080/15298868.2011.649545]
13. Alfred GC, Hammer JH, Good GE. Male student veterans: Hardiness, psychological well-being, and masculine norms. Psychol Men Masculinity. 2014;15(1):95-9.‌ [DOI:10.1037/a0031450]
14. Neff KD. The self-compassion scale is a valid and theoretically coherent measure of self-compassion. Mindfulness. 2016; 7(1): 264-74. [DOI:10.1007/s12671-015-0479-3]
15. Denovan A, Macaskill A. Stress, resilience and leisure coping among university students: applying the broaden-and-build theory. Leisure Stud. 2016;36(6):852-65.‌ [DOI:10.1080/02614367.2016.1240220]
16. Liu Y, Wang ZH, Li ZG. Affective mediators of the influence of neuroticism and resilience on life satisfaction. Pers Individ Differ. 2012;52(7):833-8. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2012.01.017]
17. Smith BW, Tooley EM, Montague EQ, Robinson AE, Cosper CJ, Mullins PG. The role of resilience and purpose in life in habituation to heat and cold pain. J Pain. 2009;10(5):493-500. [DOI:10.1016/j.jpain.2008.11.007]
18. White B, Driver S, Warren AM. Resilience and indicators of adjustment during rehabilitation from a spinal cord injury. Rehabil psychol. 2010;55(1):23-32. [DOI:10.1037/a0018451]
19. Mascaro N, Rosen DH. Assessment of existential meaning and its longitudinal relation with depressive symptoms. J soc clin psychol. 2008;27(6):576-99. [DOI:10.1521/jscp.2008.27.6.576]
20. Kylma J. Dynamics of hope in adults living with HIV/AIDS: a substantive theory. J Adv Nurs. 2005;52(6):620-30. [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2648.2005.03633.x]
21. Halama P, Dedova M. Meaning in life and hope as predictors of positive mental health: Do they explain residual variance not predicted by personality traits? Stud Psychol. 2007;49(3):191-200.
22. Shorey HS, Snyder CR, Yang X, Lewin Mr. The role of hope as a mediator in recollected parenting, adult attachment and mental health. J soc clin psychol. 2003;22(6):685-715. [DOI:10.1521/jscp.22.6.685.22938]
23. Hasson-Ohayon I, Kravetz S, Meir T, Rozencwaig S. Insight into severe mental illness, hope, and quality of life on persons with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorders. Psychiatry Res. 2009;167(3):231-8. [DOI:10.1016/j.psychres.2008.04.019]
24. Johnson KL. The relationship of hope and quality of life in combat veterans seeking treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder. Kansas: University of Kansas, Psychology and Research in Education Publisher; 2001. pp. 29-58.
25. Kao YC, Liu YP, Chou MK, Cheng TH. Subjective quality of life in patients with chronic schizophrenia: relationships between psychosocial and clinical characteristics. Compr Psychiatry. 2011;52(2):171-80. [DOI:10.1016/j.comppsych.2010.05.008]
26. Ho WW, Chiu MY, Lo WT, Yiu MG. Recovery components as determinants of the health-related quality of life among patients with schizophrenia: structural equation modeling analysis. Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 2010;44(1):71-84. [DOI:10.3109/00048670903393654]
27. Seligman MEP, Steen TA, Park N, Peterson C. Positive psychology progress: empirical validation of interventions. Am Psychol. 2005;60(5):410-21. [DOI:10.1037/0003-066X.60.5.410]
28. Snyder CR, Ilardi SS, Cheavens J, Michael ST, Yamhure L, Sempson S. The role of hope in cognitive behavior therapies. Cog Ther Res. 2000;24(6):747-62. [DOI:10.1023/A:1005547730153]
29. Charkhabi M, Mortazavi A, Alimohammadi S, Hayati D. The effect of spiritual intelligence training on the indicators of mental health in Iranian students: an experimental study. Procedia Soc Behav Sci. 2014;159:355-8. [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.12.387]
30. Bahreinian A, Radmehr H, Mohammadi H, Bavadi B, Mousavi MR. the effectiveness of the spiritual treatment groupon improving the quality of life and mental health in women with breast cancer. J Res Relig Health. 2017;3(1):64-78. [Persian]
31. Entesar Foumany G, Daneshdoost M. The relationship of spiritual intelligence with mental health and organizational commitment among nurses in Mashhad Hospitals. J Edu Manag Studi. 2014;3(4):36-9. [Persian]
32. Kashdan TB, Morina N, Priebe S. Post-traumatic stress disorder, social anxiety disorder, and depression in survivors of the Kosovo War: Experiential avoidance as a contributor to distress and quality of life. J Anxiety Disord. 2009;23(2):185-96. [DOI:10.1016/j.janxdis.2008.06.006]
33. Hills J, Paice JA, Cameron JR, Shott S. Spirituality and distress in palliative care consultation. J Palliat Med. 2005;8(4):782-8. [DOI:10.1089/jpm.2005.8.782]
34. Kaveh MH, Shojaeizadeh D, Shahmohammadi D, Eftekhar Ardebili H, Rahimi A, Bolhari J. Teachers' role in elementary school mental health: Results of an interventional study. J Payesh. 2003;2(2):101-9. [Persian]
35. Richards PS, Bergin AE. A Spiritual Strategy for Counseling and Psychotherapy. 2nd Edition. Washington D.C.: American Psychological Association; 2005. [DOI:10.1037/11214-000]
36. Ghobari Bonab B, Motevallipour A, Hakimi Rad E, Habibi Asgarabad M. Relationship between anxiety and depression with spirituality in Tehran University Students. J Appl Psychol. 2009;3(2):110-23. [Persian]
37. Richards PS, Bergin AE. Casebook for a spiritual strategy in counseling and psychotherapy. . Washington D.C.: American Psychological Association; 2004. [DOI:10.1037/10652-000]
38. Pargament KI, Echemendia RJ, Johnson S, Cook P, McGath C, Mayers JG, et al. The conservative church: Psychological advantages avd disadvantages. Am J Community Psychol. 1987;15(3):269-86. [DOI:10.1007/BF00922698]
39. Mohammadi M. Resilience factors in individuals at risk for substance abuse [Dissertation]. Tehran: University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences; 2005. [Persian]
40. Samani S, Jokar B, Sahragard N. Effects of resilience on mental health and life satisfaction. Iran J Psychiatry Clin Psychol. 2007;13(3):290-5. [Persian]
41. Snyder CR, Shorey HS, Cheavens J, Kimberly Mann P, Virgil H, Cynthia W. Hope and academic success in college. J Educ psychol. 2002;94(4):820-6. [DOI:10.1037/0022-0663.94.4.820]
42. Alexander ES, Onwuegbuzie AJ. Academic procrastination and the role of hope as a coping strategy. Pers Individ Differ. 2007;42(7):1301-10. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2006.10.008]
43. Kermani Z, Khodapanahi MK, Heydari M. Psychometric features of Omid Snyder's scale. Q J Appl Psychol. 2011;5(3):7-23. [Persian]
44. Nasiri H, Jokar B. The relationship between life's meaningfulness, hope, happiness, life satisfaction and depression. Women Dev Politics. 2008:6(2):157-76. [Persian]
45. Leoni JJ. A facilitator's manual for use with a spirituality -oriented group intervention protocol in combat veterans with chronic combat-related post-traumatic stress disorder [Dissertation]. Malibu, California: Pepperdine University; 2005.
46. Bagheri Zanjani L, Entesar Foumany G. The effectiveness of group based hope- therapy on increasing resilience and hope in life expectancy in patients with breast cancer. J Health Promot Manag. 2016;5(4):56-62. [Persian]
47. Dehghan F, Piri Kamrani M, Karami J. The effectiveness of group spiritual therapy on resilience. J Psychol Relig. 2016;8(4):81-92. [Persian]
48. McClure M. Use of Tai Chi to treat mental health disorders in veterans. [Dissertation]. Minneapolis: Walden University; 2017.
49. Bronk KC, Hill PL, Lapsley DK, Talib TL, Finch H. Purpose, hope, and Life Satisfaction in three age groups. J Posit Psychol. 2009;4(6):500-10. [DOI:10.1080/17439760903271439]
50. Ong AD, Edwards LM, Bergeman CS. Hope as a source of resilience in later adulthood. Pers Individ Differ. 2006;41(7):1263-73. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2006.03.028]
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Afshari A. Effectiveness of the Spiritual-Islamic Healing Group Therapy on Increasing the Resilience and Life Expectancy of Veterans with Mental Disorders. Iran J War Public Health. 2019; 11 (4) :175-182
URL: http://ijwph.ir/article-1-817-en.html

Volume 11, Issue 4 (Fall 2019) Back to browse issues page
مجله طب جانباز Iranian Journal of War and Public Health
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 31 queries by YEKTAWEB 4054