[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Volume 11, Issue 4 (Fall 2019) ::
Iran J War Public Health 2019, 11(4): 183-188 Back to browse issues page
Effect of Eight Weeks of Modified Pilates Training on Pulmonary Function and Quality of Life of Veterans Exposed to Chemical Warfare
Gh. Ghasemi *1, P. Barati Rokati2, O.R. Salehi3
1- Sport Injuries & Corrective Exercises Department, Sport Sciences Faculty, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran , gh.ghasemi@spr.ui.ac.ir
2- Physical Education& Sport Sciences Department, Physical Education& Sport Sciences Faculty, Isfahan(Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran
3- Physical Education & Sport Sciences Department, Humanities & Social Sciences Faculty, University of Kurdestan, Sanandaj, Iran
Abstract:   (1116 Views)
Aim(s): Injury with chemical agents effects on the physical, mental, social and spiritual dimension of quality of life. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of eight weeks of modified Pilates training on pulmonary function and quality of life in veterans exposed to chemical warfare agents.
Materials and Methods: This semi-experimental study with pretest-posttest design and a control group was conducted in Izeh County in 2016. The study was carried out on 28 male veterans who were exposed to chemical warfare agents. The subjects were selected by convenience sampling method and randomly assigned into the control group (n=15) and training group (n=13). The training group performed the modified Pilates training for 8 weeks, 3 sessions-in 60 minutes per week. The control group did not participate in any particular training program during this period. Muscular strength, pulmonary index, and quality of life of the subjects before and after the training period were measured by hand dynamometer, spirometer, and quality of life questionnaire respectively. Data were analyzed through SPSS 22 software using paired sample t-test and univariate analysis of covariance test.
Findings: The mean scores of forced vital capacity and the quality of life in terms of mental and physical dimensions in the posttest step were significantly higher than the pretest step (p=0.001). By removing the pretest effect, the mean scores of back muscular power (p=0.03), forced vital capacity (p=0.02) and quality of life (p=0.001) in the training group were significantly higher than the control group.
Conclusion: Eight weeks of modified Pilates training can be effective in the improvement of pulmonary function and quality of life of veterans exposed to chemical warfare agents.
 
Keywords: Pilates Training, Chemical Warfare, Veteran, Pulmonary Function, Quality of Life
Full-Text [PDF 655 kb]   (38 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Rehabilitation of war related Injuries
Received: 2018/12/4 | Accepted: 2019/06/17 | Published: 2019/12/15
* Corresponding Author Address: Sport Sciences Faculty, University of Isfahan, Azadi Square, Isfahan, Iran. Postal Code: 8174673441
References
1. Ayoubi F, Ghazanfari T, Askari N, Naghizadeh MM, Soroush MR. Serum level of SDF-1α (CXCL12) in chemical victims with respiratory complications. Iran J War Public Health. 2014;6(2):55-63. [Persian]
2. Nasiripoor Z, Abedi B, Hajirasouli M. Effect of a training program on quality of life of severe respiratory chemical veterans; a case study of Markazi province. Iran J War Public Health. 2016;8(2):89-94. [Persian]
3. Abedi A, Koohestani H, Roosta Z. The short-term effect of chest physiotherapy on spirometric indices in chemical warfare victims exposed to mustard gas. Armaghan-e Danesh. 2008;13(3):71-81. [Persian]
4. Balali-Mood M, Hefazi M. A review on the delayed complications of sulphur mustard poisoning. J Birjand Univ Med Sci. 2005;12(3 and 4):9-15. [Persian]
5. Asai K, Kanazawa H, Kamoi H, Shiraishi S, Hirata K, Yoshkawa J. Increased levels of vascular endothelial growth factor in induced sputum in asthmatic patients. Clin Exp Allergy. 2003;33(5):595-0. [DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2222.2003.01576.x]
6. Meamari H, Koushkie Jahromi M, Fallahi AA, Sheikholeslami R. Influence of structural corrective and respiratory exercises on cardiorespiratory indices of male children afflicted with kyphosis. J Rehabil. 2017;18(1):51-62. [Persian] [DOI:10.21859/jrehab-180151]
7. Mirbagher-Ajorpaz N, Rezaei M. The effect of pulmonary rehabilitation program on quality of life of elderly patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2011;13(1):30-5. [Persian]
8. Mirzakhanian M, Ghasemi G, Sadeghi M, Ghasemi R. The effects of modified Pilates training on quality of life and clinical symptoms in female asthmatic patients. J Res Sport Rehabil. 2015;3(5):43-50. [Persian]
9. Tari M, Fallah Mohammadi Z, Dabidi Roshan V, Oliaei M. The effect of a selected aerobic exercise course on the rate of FEV1 and FVC, activity tolerance, and dyspnea in chemical pulmonary veterans. Olympic J. 2009;17(1):19-32. [Persian]
10. Fesharaki M, Paknejad SMJO, Kordi R. The effects of aerobic and strength exercises on pulmonary function tests and quality of life in asthmatic patients. Tehran Univ Med J. 2010;68(6):348-54.‌ [Persian]
11. Giacomini MB, da Silva AM, Weber LM, Monteiro MB. The Pilates method increases respiratory muscle strength and performance as well as abdominal muscle thickness. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2016;20(2):258-64.‌ [DOI:10.1016/j.jbmt.2015.11.003]
12. de Alvarenga GM, Charkovski SA, dos Santos LK, da Silva MAB, Tomaz GO, Gamba HR. The influence of inspiratory muscle training combined with the Pilates method on lung function in elderly women: a randomized controlled trial. Clinics. 2018;73:e356. [DOI:10.6061/clinics/2018/e356]
13. Rydeard R, Leger A, Smith D. Pilates-based therapeutic exercise: effect on subjects with nonspecific chronic low back pain and functional disability: a randomized controlled trial. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2006;36(7):472-84.‌ [DOI:10.2519/jospt.2006.2144]
14. Wong T. Pilates and the stroke patient. Balanced Body Pilates COREterly. 2010.
15. Jafari F, Gitynavard F, Soroush MR, Mousavi B. Quality of life in chemical war victims with sever pulmonary damage. Iran J War Public Health. 2012;4(1):46-52. [Persian]
16. Kavei B, Fagihzadeh S, Eskandari F, Kazemnejad A, Gazanfari T, Soroush MR. Studying the surrogate validity of respiratory indexes in predicting the respiratory illnesses in wounded people exposed to sulfur mustard. J Arak Univ Med Sci . 2011;13(4):75-82.‌ [Persian]
17. Zakerimoghadam M, Shaban M, Kazemnejad A, Tavasoli K. The effect of breathing exercises on fatigue level of COPD patients. J Hayat. 2006;12(3):17-25. [Persian]
18. Azizi A, Mahdavinejad R, Taheri Tizabi A, Jafarnejad T. The effect of 8 weeks specific aquatic therapy on kyphosis angle and some pulmonary indices in male university students with kyphosis. J Kerman Univ Med Sci. 2012;19(5):440-50. [Persian]
19. Sharifi G, Tabatabaei SH, Babaei A, Tollabi M. The effect of 8 weeks yoga training on respiratory function and heart of non-athlete females.‌ Toloo-e Behdasht. 2015;14(2):69-78. [Persian]
20. Negaresh R, Ranjbar R, Habibi A, Gharibvand MM. The effects of eight weeks of resistance training on some muscle hypertrophy and physiological parameters in elderly men. J Geriatr Nurs. 2016;3(1):62-75. [Persian] [DOI:10.21859/jgn.3.1.62]
21. Shahrokhi M, Balouchi R, Ebrahimi H. Effect of six week Pilates exercises on disability, abdominal and back muscle strength in patients with chronic low back pain due to disc herniation. Stud Sport Med. 2015;7(17):98-83. [Persian]
22. Kamali A, Mahdavinezhad R, Norouzi K. The effect of selected Pilates exercises on thigh muscle strength and depression in elderly women. J Paramed Sci Rehabil. 2016;5(2):67-75. [Persian]
23. Ebrahimi F, Mahdavinejad R, Jalili HR. The effects of selected Pilates exercises on muscle strength, balance and HbA1c in female patients with diabetes type 2. J Sport Med. 2015;7(2):251-65. [Persian]
24. Abbasi M, Jamali HA, Omidi Oskouei A. Quality of life of chemically-disabled war veterans involved in pulmonary complications of sulfur mustard gas in Sardasht. Qom Univ Med Sci J. 2012;5(4):34-9. [Persian]
25. Bahram ME, Pourvaghar MJ, Sadeh MR. Effect of 12 weeks of chosen Pilates exercise on the quality of life of healthy nonathletic people. Toloo-e Behdasht. 2014;13(1):93-103. [Persian]
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA


XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Ghasemi G, Barati Rokati P, Salehi O. Effect of Eight Weeks of Modified Pilates Training on Pulmonary Function and Quality of Life of Veterans Exposed to Chemical Warfare. Iran J War Public Health. 2019; 11 (4) :183-188
URL: http://ijwph.ir/article-1-801-en.html


Volume 11, Issue 4 (Fall 2019) Back to browse issues page
مجله طب جانباز Iranian Journal of War and Public Health
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.06 seconds with 31 queries by YEKTAWEB 4054