[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Volume 10, Issue 1 (Winter 2018) ::
Iran J War Public Health 2018, 10(1): 21-26 Back to browse issues page
Effect of Positive Psychotherapy Based on Virtual Social Networks on Anxiety and Depression Reduction in Veterans with Spinal Cord Injury
M. Firoozy * 1, M. Ramezani Piyani 1
1- Clinical Psychology Department, College of Farabi, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (1189 Views)
Aims: Spinal cord injured veterans’ problems significantly affect on psychological health of these people. Because of veterans’ disability to move and, consequently, excessive difficulty for going to health centers and attending therapeutic sessions, makes it necessary to carry out remote psychological interventions. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of positive psychology on decreasing psychological distress among veterans through virtual social networks.
Materials & Methods: The present applied research is a semi-experimental study with pre-test and post-test design with control group that carried out among 38 veterans with spinal cord injury in Khuzestan province. They were randomly selected from the list of Martyr and Sacrifices’ Foundation of Khuzestan province in 2017 and they were randomly assigned into experimental and control groups (19 people in each group). For data collection, Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II) and Beck Anxiety Inventory were used in pre-test and post-test. The experimental group received 14 sessions of positive psychotherapy and the control group did not receive any interventions. Data were analyzed by SPSS 22 software using Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA).
Findings: There was a significant difference in post-test scores of depression and anxiety between experimental and control groups and positive psychological intervention significantly reduced depression and anxiety in the experimental group (p=0.001).
Conclusion: Positive psychological interventions based on virtual social networks (telegrams)  is effective on anxiety and depression reduction in veterans with spinal cord injury.
Keywords: Veteran, Spinal Cord Injury, Social Networks, Mental Health
Full-Text [PDF 491 kb]   (270 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Psychological impacts of war
Received: 2017/08/5 | Accepted: 2017/10/17 | Published: 2017/12/26
* Corresponding Author Address: Clinical Psychology Department, College of Farabi, University of Tehran, Enghelab Street, Tehran, Iran
English Expanded Abstract [HTML 21 KB]  (12 Download)
References
1. Khajavi D, MirAli H. Predicting trait Competitive Anxiety, Competitive Aggression, and Competitive Anger based on Spiritual Intelligence in Veterans and Disabled Athletes. Iran J War Public Health 2017, 9(3): 163-168. [DOI:10.18869/acadpub.ijwph.9.3.163]
2. Mikaeili N, Molavi P, Einy S, Tagavy M. Effectiveness of Emotion Focused Therapy on Emotional Dysregulation, Hopelessness and Suicidal Ideation in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Veterans. Iran J War Public Health 2017, 9(3): 112-117. [DOI:10.18869/acadpub.ijwph.9.3.111]
3. McColl MA, Charlifue S, Glass C, Savic G, Meehan M. International differences in ageing and spinal cord injury. Spinal cord. 2002;40(3):128. [DOI:10.1038/sj.sc.3101264]
4. Rashid T, Seligman M. Positive psychotherapy (pp. 466; 461-498). Raymond J. Corsini (Author), Danny Wedding. Current Psychotherapies (10th Ed.). Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole, Cengage Learning. ISBN. 2014:978-1.
5. Peterson C, Park N. Meaning and positive psychology. IJEPP. 2014;5(1):7-10.
6. Cullen B, Pownall J, Cummings J, Baylan S, Broomfield N, Haig C, Kersel D, Murray H, Evans JJ. Positive PsychoTherapy in ABI Rehab (PoPsTAR): a pilot randomised controlled trial. Neuropsychol Rehabil . 2016; 3(5):1-7.
7. Rashid T. Positive psychotherapy: A strength-based approach. J Posit Psychol. 2015;10(1):25-40. [DOI:10.1080/17439760.2014.920411]
8. Rashid T, Seligman ME. Positive psychotherapy in current psychotherapies. Belmont, CA: Cengage. 2013;5(3):213-219.
9. Schrank B, Brownell T, Tylee A, Slade M. Positive psychology: An approach to supporting recovery in mental illness. East Asian Arch Psychiatry. 2014;24(3):95.
10. Tomasulo DJ. Positive group psychotherapy modified for adults with intellectual disabilities. J Intellect Disabil Res. 2014;18(4):337-50. [DOI:10.1177/1744629514552153]
11. Kahler CW, Spillane NS, Day A, Clerkin EM, Parks A, Leventhal AM, Brown RA. Positive psychotherapy for smoking cessation: Treatment development, feasibility, and preliminary results. J Posit Psychol. 2014;9(1):19-29. [DOI:10.1080/17439760.2013.826716]
12. Tomasulo DJ. Positive group psychotherapy modified for adults with intellectual disabilities. J Intellect Disabil Res. 2014;18(4):337-50. [DOI:10.1177/1744629514552153]
13. Weitz P. Psychotherapy 2.0 reflects and parallels Web 2.0 as an active participation in the digital world, providing us with new forms of social. Psychotherapy. BMC public health. 2014; 2:3-8.
14. Graham R. The perception of digital objects and their impact on development. Int J Psychoanal Psychother. 2013;27(4):269-79. [DOI:10.1080/02668734.2013.853908]
15. Chakrabarti S. Usefulness of telepsychiatry: A critical evaluation of videoconferencing-based approaches. World J Psychiatry. 2015;5(3):286. [DOI:10.5498/wjp.v5.i3.286]
16. Barak A, Hen L, Boniel-Nissim M, Shapira NA. A comprehensive review and a meta-analysis of the effectiveness of internet-based psychotherapeutic interventions. J Technol Hum Serv. 2008;26(2-4):109-60. [DOI:10.1080/15228830802094429]
17. Grady BJ. A comparative cost analysis of an integrated military telemental health-care service. Telemed J E Health. 2002;8(3):293-300. [DOI:10.1089/15305620260353180]
18. Kraft E, Wang J. An exploratory study of the cyberbullying and cyberstalking experiences and factors related to victimization of students at a public liberal arts college. IJT. 2010;1(4):74-91. [DOI:10.4018/jte.2010100106]
19. Walter T. New mourners, old mourners: online memorial culture as a chapter in the history of mourning. NEW REV HYPERMEDIA M Journal. 2015;21(1-2):10-24. [DOI:10.1080/13614568.2014.983555]
20. Razmgah P, Mojtahedzadeh R, Borjaliloo S, Mohammadi A. The Effect of Social Network and Short Messages through E-Content on Reducing Negative Thoughts in Women. Interdiscip J Virtual Learn Med Sci. 2016;7(4).
21. Proudfoot J, Clarke J, Birch MR, Whitton AE, Parker G, Manicavasagar V, Harrison V, Christensen H, Hadzi-Pavlovic D. Impact of a mobile phone and web program on symptom and functional outcomes for people with mild-to-moderate depression, anxiety and stress: a randomised controlled trial. BMC psychiatry. 2013;13(1):312. [DOI:10.1186/1471-244X-13-312]
22. 22, Lee EH, Lee SJ, Hwang ST, Hong SH, Kim JH. Reliability and Validity of the Beck Depression Inventory-II among Korean Adolescents. Psychiatry Investig. 2017;14(1):30-6. [DOI:10.4306/pi.2017.14.1.30]
23. Ghassemzadeh H, Mojtabai R, Karamghadiri N, Ebrahimkhani N. Psychometric properties of a Persian‐language version of the Beck Depression Inventory‐Second edition: BDI‐II‐PERSIAN. Depress. Anxiety. 2005;21(4):185-92. [DOI:10.1002/da.20070]
24. 24, Ke Y, Ng T, Yeo HL, Shwe M, Gan YX, Chan A. Psychometric properties and measurement equivalence of the English and Chinese versions of the Beck Anxiety Inventory in patients with breast cancer. Supportive Care in Cancer. 2017;25(2):633-43. [DOI:10.1007/s00520-016-3452-3]
25. Askarizadeh G, Karamoozian M, Darekordi A. Validation of Iranian version of pregnancy related anxiety questionnaire. Int Prev Med prev med. 2017;8.
26. Andersson G, Titov N. Advantages and limitations of Internet‐based interventions for common mental disorders. World Psychiatry. 2014;13(1):4-11. [DOI:10.1002/wps.20083]
27. Ebert DD, Zarski AC, Christensen H, Stikkelbroek Y, Cuijpers P, Berking M, Riper H. Internet and computer-based cognitive behavioral therapy for anxiety and depression in youth: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled outcome trials. PloS one. 2015;10(3): 18-23. [DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0119895]
28. Donker T, Blankers M, Hedman E, Ljotsson B, Petrie K, Christensen H. Economic evaluations of Internet interventions for mental health: a systematic review. Psychol. Med. 2015;45(16):3357-76. [DOI:10.1017/S0033291715001427]
29. Meyer B, Bierbrodt J, Schröder J, Berger T, Beevers CG, Weiss M, Jacob G, Späth C, Andersson G, Lutz W, Hautzinger M. Effects of an Internet intervention (Deprexis) on severe depression symptoms: randomized controlled trial. Internet Interv. 2015;2(1):48-59. [DOI:10.1016/j.invent.2014.12.003]
30. Blackwell SE, Browning M, Mathews A, Pictet A, Welch J, Davies J, Watson P, Geddes JR, Holmes EA. Positive imagery-based cognitive bias modification as a web-based treatment tool for depressed adults: a randomized controlled trial. Clin. Psychol. Sci. 2015;4(1):91-111. [DOI:10.1177/2167702614560746]
31. Roepke AM, Jaffee SR, Riffle OM, McGonigal J, Broome R, Maxwell B. Randomized controlled trial of SuperBetter, a smartphone-based/Internet-based self-help tool to reduce depressive symptoms. Games Health J. 2015;4(3):235-46. [DOI:10.1089/g4h.2014.0046]
32. Van Straten A, Emmelkamp J, De Wit J, Lancee J, Andersson G, van Someren EJ, Cuijpers P. Guided Internet-delivered cognitive behavioural treatment for insomnia: a randomized trial. Psychol. Med. 2014;44(7):1521-32. [DOI:10.1017/S0033291713002249]
33. Kuester A, Niemeyer H, Knaevelsrud C. Internet-based interventions for posttraumatic stress: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Clin Psychol Rev. 2016; 2(1): 43:1-6.
Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA code



XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Firoozy M, Ramezani Piyani M. Effect of Positive Psychotherapy Based on Virtual Social Networks on Anxiety and Depression Reduction in Veterans with Spinal Cord Injury . Iran J War Public Health. 2018; 10 (1) :21-26
URL: http://ijwph.ir/article-1-707-en.html


Volume 10, Issue 1 (Winter 2018) Back to browse issues page
مجله طب جانباز Iranian Journal of War and Public Health
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.06 seconds with 30 queries by YEKTAWEB 3790