Iranian Journal of War and Public Health

eISSN (English): 2980-969X
eISSN (Persian): 2008-2630
pISSN (Persian): 2008-2622
Volume 15, Issue 3 (2023)                   Iran J War Public Health 2023, 15(3): 295-303 | Back to browse issues page



How to cite this article
Sokan-Adeaga A, Sokan-Adeaga M, Esan D, Sokan-adeaga E, Oparaji A, Aledeh M, et al . Review of the Russia-Ukraine War and its Impact on Public Health. Iran J War Public Health 2023; 15 (3) :295-303
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1- Department of Environmental Health Science, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, Ajayi Crowther University, Oyo, Nigeria
2- Department of Community Health and Primary Health Care, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria
3- Department of Nursing Science, College of Health Sciences, BOWEN University, Iwo, Nigeria
4- Department of Physiology, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology (LAUTECH), Oyo, Nigeria
5- Department of Nursing Science, Faculty of Nursing, Chrisland University, Abeokuta, Nigeria
6- Department of Psychiatric, College of Health, Psychology and Social Care, University of Derby, Derby, United Kingdom
7- Department of Community Health, Faculty of Public Health, Lead City University, Ibadan, Nigeria
8- Department of Human Kinetics and Health Education, College of Science and Information Technology, Tai Solarin University of Education, Ijagun, Nigeria
* Corresponding Author Address: Ajayi Crowther University, P.M.B. 1066. Oyo, Oyo State, Nigeria. Postal Code: 000000 (PMB 1066) (
Abstract   (469 Views)
Introduction: This paper adopted a desk review of existing information from peer-reviewed articles, scientific reports, and grey literature through triangulation of data sources. This article aimed to provide a concise and comprehensive overview of some environmental and public health problems resulting from the Russia-Ukraine war.
Conclusion: Just sixteen months into the face-off, the crisis has been characterized by diverse public health challenges such as environmental-induced pollution; nuclear and technological threat; energy crisis; food insecurity; humanitarian castatropic; and the likelihood of a surge in COVID-19 and other infectious diseases. The escalation of conflict in Ukraine has caused civilian casualities, forcing people to flee their homes seeking safety and protection. So far, it is estimated that 9,083 civilians have been killed and 15,779 injured in Ukraine; with over 18 millions refugees diplayed within and outside Ukraine as of 19th June, 2023. Furthermore, the war has notably triggered food price spike, economic pressure and social stress in most part of Africa, with the inclination to precipitate political upheaval especially in volatile countries in the continent. We opined that prompt attention should be given by international bodies and humanitarian agencies to restore public health sanity in Ukraine by providing critical protection services and humanitarian assistance. Conclusively, a cease-fire by the belligerent nations remains the only panacea to the highlighted problem.

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