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Iran J War Public Health 2020, 12(1): 19-27 Back to browse issues page
Effect of a Corrective Exercise Program Based on Scapular Stability on Upper Cross Syndrome in Wheelchair Basketball Athletes
A. Maarouf 1, A.A. Norasteh2, H. Daneshmandi2, A. Ebrahimi-Atri3
1- Sports Injuries & Corrective Exercise Department, School of Physical Education & Sport Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran , abed.maaroof93@Gmail.com
2- Sports Injuries & Corrective Exercise Department, School of Physical Education & Sport Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
3- Sports Injuries & Corrective Exercise Department, School of Physical Education & Sport Sciences, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
Abstract:   (3723 Views)
Aims: Wheelchair basketball athletes, as a group of people with spinal cord injury, are at risk for upper cross syndrome. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of a corrective exercise program based on scapular stability on upper cross syndrome in wheelchair basketball athletes.
Materials & Methods: In this semi-experimental study that was conducted in 2017-2018, 24 veteran and handicapped wheelchair basketball athletes who had spinal cord injury with upper cross syndrome in Mashhad were selected by purposive sampling method and divided into control (n=12) and case (n=12) groups. A corrective exercise program based on scapular stability were administered to the case group for 8 weeks. Camera and flexible ruler tools were used to measure forward head, rounded shoulder and kyphosis, respectively. Data analysis was performed by SPSS 23 software using independent t-test, paired t-test, one-way analysis of variance, and Tukey’s post hoc test.
Findings: The severity of forward head, rounded shoulder and kyphosis abnormalities was less in class 3 than in class 1 and 2. There was a significant difference between the case and control groups after training in all three forward head, rounded shoulder, and kyphosis abnormalities (p<0.05).
Conclusion: The corrective exercises based on scapula stability are one of the most useful training methods for restoring muscle balance and preventing and correcting abnormalities in wheelchair basketball athletes.
Keywords: Basketball, Wheelchair, Upper Limb Deformities, Head, Kyphosis, Exercise
Full-Text [PDF 487 kb]   (537 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Rehabilitation of Veterans or Handicapped
Received: 2019/08/10 | Accepted: 2020/01/20 | Published: 2020/03/16
English Expanded Abstract [HTML 21 KB]  (48 Download)
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Maarouf A, Norasteh A, Daneshmandi H, Ebrahimi-Atri A. Effect of a Corrective Exercise Program Based on Scapular Stability on Upper Cross Syndrome in Wheelchair Basketball Athletes. Iran J War Public Health. 2020; 12 (1) :19-27
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