Iranian Journal of War and Public Health

eISSN (English): 2980-969X
eISSN (Persian): 2008-2630
pISSN (Persian): 2008-2622
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Volume 9, Issue 2 (2017)                   Iran J War Public Health 2017, 9(2): 73-78 | Back to browse issues page

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Soleymani S, Shaker Dioulagh A. Comparing the Anxiety and Depression of Death between Chemical and Non-Chemical Veterans of Sardasht City, Iran. Iran J War Public Health 2017; 9 (2) :73-78
URL: http://ijwph.ir/article-1-640-en.html
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1- Psychology Department, Humanities Faculty, Urmia Branch, Islamic Azd University, Urmia, Iran , ali.shaker2000@gmail.com
* Corresponding Author Address: Psychology Department, 3rd Floor, Faculty of Humanities, Urmia Branch, Islamic Azad University, Basij Boulvared, Urmia, Iran
Abstract   (4897 Views)

Aims:  Exposed to the war and chemical weapons, the veterans experience severe mental reactions. One of such experiences is the death coming feeling that finally leads to some disorders such as death depression and death anxiety. The aim of the study was to compare the death depression and anxiety in the chemically-injured and non-chemically-injured veterans in Sardasht Township.

Instrument & Methods: In the comparative-causal descriptive study, 100 veterans including 50 chemically-injured and 50 non-chemically-injured veterans of Sardasht Township were studied in 2016.  The subjects were selected via available sampling method. Data was collected by the death anxiety index and the death depression questionnaire. Data was analyzed by SPSS 16 software using MANOVA and independent T test.

Findings: The mean score of death anxiety in the chemically-injured veterans was significantly higher than the non-chemically-injured veterans (p=0.001). The mean scores of death hoplessness, death failure, and total depression score in the chemically-injured veterans were significantly higher then the non-chemically-injured veterans (p=0.001). Nevertheless, the mean scores of loneliness and death acceptance were not significantly different in the groups, respectively (p>0.05).

Conclusion: The levels of death anxiety and death depression in the chemically-injured veterans of Sardasht Township were higher than the non-chemically-injured veterans. 

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