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Iran J War Public Health 2017, 9(1): 15-23 Back to browse issues page
Prevalence of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Caused by War in Veterans
A.M. Rahnejat 1, P. Dabagi *2, M. Rabiei 3, A. Taghva 4, H. Valipoor 1, V. Donyavi 4, M.R. Ebrahimi 4
1- Clinical Psychology Department, Medicine Faculty, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Clinical Psychology Department, Medicine Faculty, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , dabaghi_44@yahoo.com
3- Clinical Psychology Department, Medicine Faculty, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4- Psychiatry Department, Medicine Faculty, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (527 Views)

Aims: The post-traumatic stress disorders sometimes continue years after wars. The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorders in the veterans 26 years after the end of Iran-Iraq war.

Instrument & Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 341 Iranian veterans were studied in 2014. The subjects were selected via cluster random sampling method. Data was collected using post-traumatic stress disorder checklist-military edition (PCL-M-5), clinician-administered post-traumatic stress disorders scale for DSM-5 (CAPS-5), and a demographic questionnaire. Data was analyzed through descriptive statistics and Pearson correlation coefficient and simultaneous regression analysis tests.  

Findings: 82 veterans (24.0%) were with post-traumatic stress disorders diagnostic criteria. In addition, their most prevalent post-traumatic stress disorders symptoms were arousal and reactivity, and negative changes in the cognition and mood, successively. Domographic parameters, including educational level (r=-0.191; p<0.01), age during military services (r=0.046; p<0.05), military services length (r=0.107; p<0.05), and injury and its severity (r=0.347; p<0.01) significantly correlated with post-traumatic stress disorders. In addition, 13% of the post-traumatic stress disorders variance were explained by the demographic parameters (p<0.01).

Conclusion: 26 years after the end of Iran-Iraq war, many veterans are with post-traumatic stress disorders, and their most prevalent symptom is arousal and reactivity.  

Keywords: Stress Disorder, Post-Traumatic, Prevalence, War, Veterans
Full-Text [PDF 568 kb]   (407 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Diagnosis and treatment of war related diseases
Received: 2016/06/29 | Accepted: 2016/11/21 | Published: 2017/03/16
* Corresponding Author Address: Shahid Etemadzade Street, West Fatemi Street, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
English Expanded Abstract [HTML 29 KB]  (4 Download)
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DOI: 10.18869/acadpub.ijwph.9.1.15


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Rahnejat A, Dabagi P, Rabiei M, Taghva A, Valipoor H, Donyavi V et al . Prevalence of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Caused by War in Veterans . Iran J War Public Health. 2017; 9 (1) :15-23
URL: http://ijwph.ir/article-1-600-en.html
Volume 9, Issue 1 (Winter 2017) Back to browse issues page
مجله طب جانباز Iranian Journal of War and Public Health
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