Iranian Journal of War and Public Health

eISSN (English): 2980-969X
eISSN (Persian): 2008-2630
pISSN (Persian): 2008-2622
JMERC
0.3
Volume 15, Issue 3 (2023)                   Iran J War Public Health 2023, 15(3): 249-256 | Back to browse issues page

Print XML PDF HTML Full-Text (HTML)


History

How to cite this article
Fallahinezhad S, Mandani G, Tahanzadeh B, Ghasemzadeh R, Salahshouri A. The Experiences of Adult Offsprings of War Veterans with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder; a Qualitative Study. Iran J War Public Health 2023; 15 (3) :249-256
URL: http://ijwph.ir/article-1-1333-en.html
Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Rights and permissions
1- “Department of Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences” and “Rehabilitation Research Center”, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
2- Department of Occupational Therapy, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3- “Department of Speech Therapy, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences” and “Rehabilitation Research Center”, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
4- Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, Faculty of Health, Ahvaz Jundishapour University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
* Corresponding Author Address: Speech Therapy Department, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Ahvaz Jundishapour University of Medical Sciences, Gholestan Boulevared, Ahvaz, Iran. Postal Code: 61357-33133 (behnoosh.tahanzadeh@gmail.com)
Abstract   (457 Views)
Aims: Families of war veterans continue to experience the consequences of war, including psychological and emotional impacts, years after the end of the conflict. This study aimed to explore the experiences of adult offsprings of war veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder.
Participants & Methods: This research employed a qualitative research method using a content analysis approach. Nine adult offsprings of war veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder were interviewed. Data were collected through semi-structured in-depth interviews and analyzed using a contractual approach based on the Graneheim & Lundman model. Lincoln and Guba's criteria confirmed the research's validity and reliability.
Findings: The initial coding and formation of meaningful units led to data classification into 13 subcategories based on commonalities. Ultimately, five main categories were identified; an unsafe childhood, witnessing endless suffering due to their father's condition, challenges in their mother's life, empathy with their father, and fears, anxieties, and mental struggles.
Conclusion: Adult offsprings of war veterans experience various challenging events that significantly impact their quality of life.
 
Keywords:

References
1. Ahmad Zadeh GA, Malekian A. Aggression, anxiety and social development in adolescent offsprings of war veterans with ptsd versus those of non veterans. Yafteh. 2004;5(19). [Link]
2. Bakhtiar Molkari NK, Farahbakhsh K, Esmaili M. Qualitative analysis ofemotional and familial situations of injured victims of sardasht chemical air attack. Clin Psychol Stud. 2013;4(13):107-20. [Persian] [Link]
3. Ahmadi M, Bahaedin Beygi K, Nouri T. Providing remote mental health services for war veterans. Hosp MedUniv Tehran. 2013. [Persian] [Link]
4. Solomon Z, Mikulincer M, Freid B, Wosner Y. Family characteristics and posttraumatic stress disorder: A follow‐up of Israeli combat stress reaction casualties. Fam Process. 1987;26(3):383-94. [Link] [DOI:10.1111/j.1545-5300.1987.00383.x]
5. Kaplan H, Kaplan SB. Sadock's synopsis of psychiatry: Behavioral sciences/clinical psychiatry. Rezaai F translator. Tehran: Arjmand pub; 2014:.p. 43-447. [Persian] [Link]
6. Yehuda R. Biology of posttraumatic stress disorder. J Clin Psychiatry. 2001;62(Suppl 17):41-6. [Link]
7. King N, Alison S. Exploring the impact of parental post-traumatic stress disorder on military family offsprings: A review of the literature. Nurse Educat Today. 2016;47:29-36. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.nedt.2016.04.018]
8. Heyrat A, Pourmehri H. Parenting styles of young parents and its effect on offsprings's mental health. 4th Pioneers of Progress Congress; 2014 Mar 13-14; Shiraz. [Persian] [Link]
9. Masoumi A, Shirazi E. Psychiatric status in offspring of schizophrenic parents: A comparative study. Iran J Psychiatry Clin Psychol. 2006;43:388-95. [Persian] [Link]
10. Fraser C, James EL, Anderson K, Lloyd D, Judd F. Intervention programs for offsprings of parents with a mental illness: A critical review. Int J Ment Health Promot. 2006;8(1):9-20. [Link] [DOI:10.1080/14623730.2006.9721897]
11. Ashfield HL. Literature review-parents with mental health issues: Consequences for offsprings and effectiveness of interventions designed to assist offsprings and their families. Centre for Parenting AND Research, Service System Development and Division. NSW Department of Community Services; 2008. [Link]
12. Beardselee WR, Versage EM, Gladstone TR. Offsprings of affectively ill parents: A review of the past 10 years. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 1998;37(11):1134-41. [Link] [DOI:10.1097/00004583-199811000-00012]
13. Shiner R, Marmorstein NR. Family environments of adolescents with lifetime depression: Associations with maternal depression history. J AmAcad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 1998;37(11):1152-60. [Link] [DOI:10.1097/00004583-199811000-00014]
14. Erfani N. Comparison of quality of life of veterans with PTSD and their family members with other veterans in Hamadan province. National Conference on Sacrifice and Martyrdom;2011 May 23; Hamadan. [Persian] [Link]
15. Imani S, Atef Vahid MK, Asgharnezhad Farid A. Quality of life in war veterans with chronic PTSD with other war veterans. Thought Behav Clin PsychoL. 2012;7(25):47-56. [Persian] [Link]
16. Murphy G, Peters K, Wilkes L, Jackson D. Childhood parental mental illness: Living with fear and mistrust. Issues Ment Health Nurs. 2015;36(4):294-9. [Link] [DOI:10.3109/01612840.2014.971385]
17. Ghazinejad N, Gholamali Lavasani M. Qualitative analysis of family experiences of psychiatric veterans: A phenomenological study. J Psychol. 2020;24(2):130-49. [Persian] [Link]
18. Shelton SPD. The role of contextual, child, and parent factors in predicting criminal outcomes in adolescence. Issues Ment Health Nurs. 2001;22(2):197-205. [Link] [DOI:10.1080/01612840120303]
19. Christoffersen MN, Poulsen HD, Nielsen A. Attempted suicide among young people: Risk factors in a prospective register based study of Danish offsprings born in 1966. Acta Psychiatrica Scand. 2003;108(5):350-8. [Link] [DOI:10.1034/j.1600-0447.2003.00165.x]
20. Aldridge J. The experiences of offsprings living with and caring for parents with mental illness. J Br Assoc Study Prevent Child Abuse Neglect. 2006;15(2):79-88. [Link] [DOI:10.1002/car.904]
21. Tabatabaee A, Hasani P, Mortazavi H, Tabatabaeichehr M. Strategies for promoting scientific accuracy in qualitative research. J North Khorasan Univ Med Sci. 2013;5(3):663-70. [Link] [DOI:10.29252/jnkums.5.3.663]
22. Guba EG, Lincoln YS. Epistemological and methodological bases of ECTJ. Educ Commun Technol. 1982;30(4):233-52. [Link] [DOI:10.1007/BF02765185]
23. Collins T. Military parent's PTSD and offsprings's mental health: A scoping review. Qual Rep. 2018;23(5):1237-55. [Link] [DOI:10.46743/2160-3715/2018.3225]
24. Gunter HN, O'Toole BI, Dadds MM, Catts SV. Family emotional climate in childhood and risk of PTSD in adult offsprings of Australian Vietnam veterans. Psychiatry Res. 2020;294:113509. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.psychres.2020.113509]
25. Bager L, Laursen TM, Skipper N, Agerbo E. School performance of offsprings whose parents suffered torture and war-a register-based study in Denmark. Eur J Public Health. 2021;31(4):749-55. [Link] [DOI:10.1093/eurpub/ckab108]
26. Hisle-Gorman E, Susi A, Gorman GH. The impact of military parents' injuries on the health and well-being of their offsprings. Health Affairs. 2019;38(8):1358-65. [Link] [DOI:10.1377/hlthaff.2019.00276]
27. Manguno-Mire G, Sautter F, Lyons J, Myers L, Perry D, Sherman M, et al. Psychological distress and burden among female partners of combat veterans with PTSD. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2007;195(2):144-51. [Link] [DOI:10.1097/01.nmd.0000254755.53549.69]
28. Mojahed AA, Kalantari M, Moulavi H, Neshatdoust HT, Bakhshani NM, Shakiba M. Comparative investigation of mental health status of spouses of war handicaps in accordance with husband's disability. Tabib-e-shargh. 2011;12(4):38-42. [Persian] [Link]
29. Yahyazadeh H, Masomzadeh N. Studing the issues of veteran's wives life. Soc Dev Welfare Plann. 2016;7(28):97-121. [Persian] [Link]
30. Khodabakhshi Kolai A, Najmi-Sadegh S. Living with a veteran father: An analysis of the psychological and emotional needs of veterans' daughters (A phenomenological approach). J Military Med. 2019;21(5):479-89. [Persian] [Link]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA