Iranian Journal of War and Public Health

eISSN (English): 2980-969X
eISSN (Persian): 2008-2630
pISSN (Persian): 2008-2622
Volume 15, Issue 3 (2023)                   Iran J War Public Health 2023, 15(3): 305-310 | Back to browse issues page

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AbdulAemah M, Hussein G, Hussein N. Association of Insulin-Like Growth Factor-1 Gene Single Nucleotide Polymorphism rs10860860 with Type 2 Diabetes. Iran J War Public Health 2023; 15 (3) :305-310
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1- Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences, College of Pharmacy, Al-Mustaqbal University, Hillah, Iraq
2- Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences, College of Pharmacy, AL-Zahraa University for Women, Karbala, Iraq
3- Department of Pharmacy, Al-Manara College for Medical Sciences, Amarah, Iraq
* Corresponding Author Address: Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences, College of Pharmacy, Al-Mustaqbal University, Hillah, Iraq. Postal Code: - (
Abstract   (404 Views)
Aims: One extremely important public health challenge worldwide is diabetes mellitus. Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a rising concern around the globe. Early revealing of Type 2 diabetes mellitus is very significant in that morbidity associated with the condition can be decreased. Studies have proposed that insulin-like growth factor-1 has roles similar to that of insulin. The existing study was implemented to reveal the alliance of single nucleotide polymorphism rs10860860 of the IGF-1 gene with Type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Materials & Methods: This case-control study was conducted in Merjan Hospital in Babylon Province, Iraq, in 2022. The available random sampling method selected two groups of healthy individuals (n=50 as control) and Type 2 diabetes mellitus patients (n=158 as study). The serum levels of glucose and zinc were determined by spectrophotometric method. The serum IGF-1 level was estimated using the sandwich ELISA technique. The students’ T and Chi-square tests were used to assess data in SPSS 21 software.
Findings: The different levels of glucose, zinc, and IGF-1 were significant between the two groups. Genotyping frequencies of the IGF-1 gene deviated from Hardy Weinberg equilibrium in the control group2=9.158; p=0.002) while were consistent in the study group (χ 2=2.482; p=0.115). The AT genotype was associated with lower odds of Type 2 diabetes mellitus than those of the wild genotype AA.   
Conclusion: The AT genotype of IGF-1 gene SNP rs10860860 negatively associates with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.

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