[Home ] [Archive]    
:: Current Issue :: Search :: Submit an Article ::
:: Volume 14, Issue 1 (2022) ::
Iran J War Public Health 2022, 14(1): 43-49 Back to browse issues page
Effectiveness of Sports Activities on Cognitive Emotion Regulation Strategies, Perceived Psychological Stress, and Psychological Hardiness of Veterans and the Disabled
H. Samadi * 1, J. Moradi2 , H. Karimi3
1- Department of Physical Education and Sports Sci¬ence, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Yazd University, Yazd, Iran , samadih@yazd.ac.ir
2- Department of Motor Behavior and Sport Psychology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Arak University, Arak, Iran
3- Department of Educational Science, Farhangian University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (620 Views)
Aims: Adequate physical activity and mobility positively affect the mental health of people, especially people with special needs. This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of sports activities on cognitive emotion regulation strategies, perceived psychological stress, and psychological hardiness of veterans and the disabled. 
Instrument & Methods: This descriptive study was conducted in 2021 on veterans and the disabled in Yazd, Iran. the number of 100 people (50 athletes and 50 non-athletes) selected by the convenience sampling method. The Cognitive Emotion Regulation Strategies Scale, the Perceived Stress Scale, and the Ahvaz Psychological Hardiness Questionnaire examined research variables. Data were analyzed using the analysis of variance test through SPSS 25 software with the one-way ANOVA.
Findings: There was a significant relationship between the perceived physiological stress, uncompromising emotion regulation strategies, and psychological hardiness in athletes and non-athletes’ veterans and disabled (p≤0.05). There was no significant difference in adapted emotion regulation strategies between the two groups (p>0.05).
Conclusion: The results showed lower scores in perceived stress and uncompromising strategies of emotion regulation and a higher score of psychological hardiness in athletes’ veterans and disabled
Keywords: Mental Aspects [MeSH], Veterans and Disabled [MeSH], Athletes [MeSH],
Full-Text [PDF 480 kb]   (549 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Veterans or Handicapped Health
Received: 2022/01/11 | Accepted: 2022/02/23 | Published: 2022/01/20
References
1. Abdolahzade Fard AR, Sorourzadeh SK, Azhdari N. Sidewalks and urban equipment modification for veterans and disabled persons. Iran J War Public Health. 2016;8(4):217-24. [Persian] []
2. Atadokht A, Jokar Kamalabadi N, Hosseini Kiasari T, Bashar-Pour S. The role of perceived social support in predicting psychological disorders in people with physical disability and its comparison with normal subjects. Arch Rehabil. 2014;15(3):26-35. [Persian] []
3. Aurora U. Study for determining laterality in children with motor disabilities in adapted physical activities. Proced Soc Behav Sci. 2014;117:646-52. [] [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.02.276]
4. Zar A, Ahmadi MA, Ahmadi F, Ataee Gharache N. Relationship of self-esteem with quality of life and narcissism in veterans and disabled professional cyclists. Iran J War Public Health. 2017;9(2):91-5. [Persian] [] [DOI:10.18869/acadpub.ijwph.9.2.91]
5. Parsaei S, Ataei N, Rostami R. The relationship between mental toughness and happiness in veteran and disable athletes in Shiraz in 2016. Pars J Med Sci. 2017;15(3):16-23. [Persian] [] [DOI:10.52547/jmj.15.3.3]
6. Pasandideh MM, SaulekMahdee F. Comparison of perceived stress, emotion regulation strategies and cognitive flexibility in patients with GIS diseases and normal individuals. Q J Health Psychol. 2019;8(29):82-100. [Persian] []
7. Linden DVD, Keijsers GP, Eling P, Schaijk RV. Work stress and attentional difficulties: An initial study on burnout and cognitive failures. Work Stress. 2005;19(1):23-36. [] [DOI:10.1080/02678370500065275]
8. Niknam M. The effectiveness intervention based on positive psychology on perceived stress and hardiness on women with addicted spouse. J Modern Psychol Res. 2019;14(54):231-51. []
9. Pourakbari F, Khajevand Khoshli A, Asadi J. Relationship of psychological hardiness and quality of life with death anxiety in nurses. J Res Dev Nurs Midwifery. 2014;11(2):53-9. []
10. Frydenberg E. Coping and the challenge of resilience. Berlin: Springer; 2017. [] [DOI:10.1057/978-1-137-56924-0]
11. Nasiri S, Askarizadeh G, Fazilatpoor M. The role of cognitive regulation strategies of emotion, psychological hardiness and optimism in the prediction of death anxiety of women in their third trimester of pregnancy. Iran J Psychiatr Nurs. 2017;4(6):50-8. [Persian] [] [DOI:10.21859/ijpn-04068]
12. Moradi J, Zandi P. Prediction of decision-making style of physical education managers based on psychological hardiness and coping strategies. Knowl Res Appl Psychol. 2019;20(3):91-100. []
13. Mohebi M, Zarei S, Sohbatiha M. The relationship between emotion regulation strategies and mental toughness in elite taekwondo athletes. Sport Psychol Stud. 2017;6(21):29-42. [Persian] []
14. Gucciardi DF, Jones MI. Beyond optimal performance: Mental toughness profiles and developmental success in adolescent cricketers. J Sport Exercise Psychol. 2012;34(1):16-36. [] [DOI:10.1123/jsep.34.1.16] [PMID]
15. Mahmoudpour A, Barzegari Dahaj A, Salimii Bajestani H, Yousefi N. Prediction of perceived stress on the basis of emotional regulation, experiential avoidance and anxiety sensitivity. Clin Psychol Stud. 2018;8(30):189-206. [Persian] []
16. Leahy RL, Tirch D, Napolitano LA. Emotion regulation in psychotherapy: A practitioner's guide. New York: Guilford press; 2011. []
17. Uphill MA, Lane AM, Jones MV. Emotion regulation questionnaire for use with athletes. Psychol Sport Exercise. 2012;13(6):761-70. [] [DOI:10.1016/j.psychsport.2012.05.001]
18. Arianpour S, Hosseininia SR, Bahrololoum H. The relationship of family and friends social support and self-efficacy with the participation of veterans and disabled athletes in physical activities. Sport Manag. 2021;12(4):949-65. [Persian] []
19. Mason OJ, Holt R. Mental health and physical activity interventions: A review of the qualitative literature. J Mental Health. 2012;21(3):274-84. [] [DOI:10.3109/09638237.2011.648344] [PMID]
20. Shojaei H, Sokhangoei Y, Soroush MR, Forouzan A, Modirian E, Nejati V. Evaluation of sport injury incidence in veterans and disabled athletes during MILAD-e-KOWSAR festival in Tehran. Iran J War Public Health. 2009;1(3):25-36. [Persian] []
21. Seyedahmadi M, Samadi H, Akbari h. Comparison of mental health between athlete and non-athlete students: A systematic review and meta-analysis. J Res Behav Sci. 2021;19(3):551-62. [Persian] []
22. Acosta AGD, Cailipan AV, De Leon MCC, Kusi AA, Miranda MAV, Mun JWD, et al. A comparison of the stress levels between athlete and non-athlete first year medical students of De La Salle Medical and Health Sciences Institute SY 2018-2019 [Disertation]. Philippines: De La Salle Medical and Health Sciences Institute; 2019. []
23. Benjamin LJM, John WCK. Examining the moderation and mediation effects of mental toughness on perceived stress and anxiety amongst athletes and non-athletes. Asian J Sport Exercise Psychol. 2021;1(2-3):89-97. [] [DOI:10.1016/j.ajsep.2021.09.001]
24. Vaughan R, Carter GL, Cockroft D, Maggiorini L. Harder, better, faster, stronger? Mental toughness, the dark triad and physical activity. Person Individ Differ. 2018;131:206-11. [] [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2018.05.002]
25. Dirmanchi N. Comparison of resilience and self-efficacy in athletes and non-athletes with disabilities caused by spinal cord injury. Iran J Psychiatry Clin Psychol. 2019;25(2):150-63. [Persian] [] [DOI:10.32598/ijpcp.25.2.150]
26. Akbarzadeh B, Esmailie A, Dadashzadeh M. Comparison of self-regulation components between the disabled and veteran athletes and non-athletes. Iran J War Public Health. 2018;10(3):121-5. [Persian] [] [DOI:10.29252/ijwph.10.3.121]
27. Amiri S, Ghasemi Gheshlagh M. A comparison study of body image, psychopathological symptoms, and emotion regulation in athlete and non-athlete. EBNESINA. 2019;20(4):33-40. [Persian] []
28. Zar A, Alavi S, Hosseini SA, Jafari M. Effect of sport activities on the quality of life, mental health, and depression of the individuals with disabilities. Iran J Rehabil Nurs. 2018;4(3):31-9. [Persian] []
29. Besharat MA, Bazzazian S. Psychometri properties of the cognitive emotion regulation questionnaire in a sample of iranian population. Adv Nurs Midwifery. 2015;24(84):61-70. []
30. Cohen S, Kamarck T, Mermelstein R. A global measure of perceived stress. J Health Soc Behav. 1983:385-96. [] [DOI:10.2307/2136404] [PMID]
31. Samadifard HR, Mikaeli N. Social health in the spouses of veterans and disabled: The role of psychological hardiness, spiritual wellbeing and perceived stress. J Milit Med. 2021;23(3):194-200. [Persian] []
32. Hosseini SJ, Nasiri M. Comparison of quality of life, self confidence and public health in athlete, non-athlete veterans and disabled. Med J Mashhad Univ Med Sci. 2019;61(suppl 1):131-9. [Persian] []
33. Nazary Gilannejad T, Gaeini AA, Foroughi Pordanjani A, Omidi N. Comparing the effect of 12 weeks of hatha yoga and aerobic exercise on serum cortisol values, stress, anxiety and depression in women with diabetes Type 2. Razi J Med Sci. 2017;24(157):81-9. [Persian] []
34. Karimi M, Safapour F. Effect of a period of selected yoga exercises on serum levels of serotonin and dopamine in non-athlete obese women. J Pract Stud Biosci Sport. 2018;6(11):73-83. [Persian] []
35. Heydari Y, Samadi H, Dehghan Manshadi M. Relationship between level of physical activity with self-esteem, body image concern and body appreciation in veterans and disabled. Iran J War Public Health. 2020;12(2):133-9. [] [DOI:10.29252/ijwph.12.2.133]
36. Ramazani F, Hejazi M. The comparison of mental health, resilience and hardiness in athletes and non-athletes. Clin Psychol Person. 2020;15(1):157-66. [Persian] []
37. Domaradzka E, Fajkowska M. Cognitive emotion regulation strategies in anxiety and depression understood as types of personality. Front Psychol. 2018;9:856. [] [DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00856] [PMID] [PMCID]
38. Cole J, Logan T, Walker R. Social exclusion, personal control, self-regulation, and stress among substance abuse treatment clients. Drug alcohol Dependence. 2011;113(1):13-20. [] [DOI:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2010.06.018] [PMID]
39. Abdi H, Khodaparast S, Bakhshalipour V, Naghibi SH. Emotion regulation strategies and mental toughness and anger control: During the COVID-19 prevalence. Islamic Stud Health. 2021;4(4):39-52. []
40. Keshavarz Afshar H, Shirvani H, Barabari A. Comparative study of emotional processing in military athletes with different levels of professionalism. J Mil Med. 2018;20(2):162-9. [Persian] []
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA


XML     Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Samadi H, Moradi J, Karimi H. Effectiveness of Sports Activities on Cognitive Emotion Regulation Strategies, Perceived Psychological Stress, and Psychological Hardiness of Veterans and the Disabled. Iran J War Public Health. 2022; 14 (1) :43-49
URL: http://ijwph.ir/article-1-1102-en.html


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 14, Issue 1 (2022) Back to browse issues page
مجله طب جانباز Iranian Journal of War and Public Health
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.06 seconds with 31 queries by YEKTAWEB 4414