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Iran J War Public Health 2022, 14(1): 83-91 Back to browse issues page
Post-Memory of the Iran-Iraq War in Individuals born between 1986 and 1996 in Mashhad and Ahwaz, Iran; a Comparative Study
S.A. Afshanai * 1, M. Mohebbi2, N. Ardian3
1- Department of Cooperative and Social Welfare, Faculty of Social Science, Yazd University, Yazd, Iran , afshanialireza@yazd.ac.ir
2- Department of Cooperative and Social Welfare, Faculty of Social Science, Yazd University, Yazd, Iran
3- Social Determinants of Health Research Center, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
Abstract:   (333 Views)
Aims: War is one of the most disastrous events for a nation and one of the most complex social phenomena affecting the involved people, families, and society in different aspects during the war and for many years after that. This study aimed to examine the formation of the post-memory of the Iran-Iraq war on the people of Ahwaz and Mashhad, Iran.
Materials & Methods: The present study is quantitative research conducted using a researcher-built questionnaire. The sample included 384 people in 1986 to 1996 birth cohorts in Iran at Mashhad and Ahwaz cities. The tool validity was confirmed using content validity, and Cronbach's alpha coefficient was used to test its reliability. Then, using SPSS 22 statistical software.
Findings: The mean of cultural memory and family memory, as two dimensions of the formation of post-memory, is Significantly more in Ahwaz than in Mashhad city. The post-memory dimensions had no significant relationship with age, employment, gender, income, and education between respondents in the two cities. There was a significant relationship between cultural memory and media as the formation aspects of family involvement in the Iran-Iraq war. In Mashhad city, school lessons were significant in forming post-memory regarding visiting the war areas. In the Ahwaz city, marital status had significant differences regarding family memory in post-memory formation, where differences were more among married than unmarried people.
Conclusion: Although many years have passed since the war, its cultural and family effects on the citizens, especially the citizens of Ahwaz, who experienced the war up close, still remain.
Keywords: Post-Memory , War , Culture [MeSH], Family [MeSH], Social Media [MeSH],
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: War/Accident Related Injuries and its Complications
Received: 2021/08/28 | Accepted: 2022/01/7 | Published: 2022/01/20
* Corresponding Author Address: Department of Cooperative and Social Welfare, Faculty of Social Science, Yazd University, University Boulevard, Safayieh, Yazd, Iran. Postal Code: 8915818411
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Afshanai S, Mohebbi M, Ardian N. Post-Memory of the Iran-Iraq War in Individuals born between 1986 and 1996 in Mashhad and Ahwaz, Iran; a Comparative Study. Iran J War Public Health. 2022; 14 (1) :83-91
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Volume 14, Issue 1 (2022) Back to browse issues page
مجله طب جانباز Iranian Journal of War and Public Health
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