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Iran J War Public Health 2020, 12(2): 125-132 Back to browse issues page
Rate and Associated Factors of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in Elderly Survivors of Bombardment in Ilam City, Iran
A. Rostamizadeh1, Y. Abolfathi Momtaz 2, M. Foroughan1
1- Iranian Research Center on Aging, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Iranian Research Center on Aging, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran , yabolfathi@gmail.com
Abstract:   (289 Views)
Aims: The psychological effects of war, such as post-traumatic stress disorder, may persist for years after the war. The aim of this study was to estimate the rate of post-traumatic stress disorder and its related factors in the elderly survivors of the bombing in Ilam.
Instrument & Methods: The present study was performed by retrospective cohort method on 227 elderly survivors of the imposed war living in Ilam City, Iran, in 2019 who were selected by multi-stage proportional random sampling. The NSESSS-PTSD instrument was used to measure post-traumatic stress disorder. Used descriptive and inferential statistics (independent t-test, ANOVA, and Correlation) for data analysis by SPSS 23 software.
Findings: The mean age of the elderly participating in the study was 66.67±7.16 years. 54.2% of participants were female. There was a significant relationship between marital status, employment, witnessing injuries and deaths, age at wartime and gender, and post-traumatic stress disorder. There was a significant relationship between current chronic patients and post-traumatic stress disorder.
Conclusion: 16.3% of the elderly survivors of the bombing of the Iran-Iraq war in Ilam have post-traumatic stress disorder.
 
Keywords: PTSD, Elderly, Bombs
Full-Text [PDF 459 kb]   (47 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Nursing Care for Veterans or Handicapped
Received: 2020/05/19 | Accepted: 2020/09/28 | Published: 2020/09/28
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Rostamizadeh A, Abolfathi Momtaz Y, Foroughan M. Rate and Associated Factors of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in Elderly Survivors of Bombardment in Ilam City, Iran. Iran J War Public Health. 2020; 12 (2) :125-132
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Volume 12, Issue 2 (2020) Back to browse issues page
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