Iranian Journal of War and Public Health

eISSN (English): 2980-969X
eISSN (Persian): 2008-2630
pISSN (Persian): 2008-2622
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Volume 8, Issue 4 (2016)                   Iran J War Public Health 2016, 8(4): 235-241 | Back to browse issues page

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Manaei Z, Abolmaali Alhossein K, Mousavi B. Epidemiology of mental health status of veterans with unilateral blindness in Fars province. Iran J War Public Health 2016; 8 (4) :235-241
URL: http://ijwph.ir/article-1-614-en.html
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1- Psychology Department, Psychology Faculty, Roudehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Roudehen, Iran
2- Psychology Department, Psychology Faculty, Roudehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Roudehen, Iran , sama.abolmaali@gmail.com
3- Janbazan Medical and Engineering Research Center, Tehran, Iran
* Corresponding Author Address: Psychology Department, Islamic Azad University, Ayatollah Khamenei Boulevard, Roudehen, Iran
Abstract   (4738 Views)

Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of mental health disorders in veterans with unilateral blindness in Fars province.

Methods:In a cross-sectional study in 2015, Mental Health Information of 187 veterans with unilateral blindness in Fars province was obtained using the SCL-90-R and two trained psychologists. Demographic data was including age, age at the time of injury, gender, disability percent, marital status, education, employment and having other injuries. SPSS 22 software, chi square test and Pearson correlation was used for statistical analysis.

Results: The mean age at the time of study and duration of injury was 46.0 ± 4.7 and 24.9 ± 3.5 years, respectively. About half (54.0%) of them had educational level under diploma and more than half (51.3%) were unemployed or retired. In 73.8%, other injuries except unilateral blindness were observed. In total, 41.7% were suffering from mental health problems; 8.6% had one and 33.1% had two or more mental problems. Somatization (13.5%), hostility and anxiety (12.8%) were the most prevalent disorders and psychosis (8.9%) had the lowest frequency. A significant relationship between mental health problems with education (P=0.02, r=13.16) and other injuries (P=0.01, r=6.64) was observed.

Conclusion: The results showed that the most common mental health problems in unilateral blind veterans in Fars province were somatization, anxiety and hostility. Planning for improving the mental health status of veterans with unilateral blindness is essential. In order to improving the mental health status of unilateral blind veterans planning, regular screening and follow up is essential.

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