Iranian Journal of War and Public Health

eISSN (English): 2980-969X
eISSN (Persian): 2008-2630
pISSN (Persian): 2008-2622
JMERC
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Volume 7, Issue 3 (2015)                   Iran J War Public Health 2015, 7(3): 139-145 | Back to browse issues page

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PMCID: 27494204

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Modirian E, Mousavi S, Mousavi B, Soroush M, Khateri S, Hosseini M et al . Mental Health in Severe Ocular Chemical Injuries. Iran J War Public Health 2015; 7 (3) :139-145
URL: http://ijwph.ir/article-1-484-en.html
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1- Janbazan Medical and Engineering Research Center (JMERC), Tehran, Iran
2- Janbazan Medical and Engineering Research Center (JMERC), Tehran, Iran.
3- Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran , nmokhber@yahoo.com
* Corresponding Author Address: No. 17, Farrokh Street, Moghaddas Ardebily Avenue., Chamran Highway, Tehran, Iran
Abstract   (6693 Views)

Aims: Mustard gas is a toxic chemical agent that was repeatedly used by the Iraqi army against Iranian civilians and non-civilians during 8 years of war. The aim of this study was to assess the variety of mental disorders in chemically eye injured.

Instrument & Methods: In a cross-sectional study in 2010 in Mashhad City, Iran, 148 sulfur mustard exposed veterans who suffered severe ocular injury were evaluated. The diagnostic examination was conducted by a psychiatrist in a 20-minute interview. Psychological problems were assessed in 5 axes using DSM-IV (Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders 4th edition). Statistical analysis was conducted using SPSS 22 software and Pearson correlation coefficient and Chi-square tests.

Findings: 92 samples (62.2%) had abnormal temper, 62 samples (41.9%) had depression and 61 samples (41.2%) had irritability. 86 samples (58.1%) were affected by mental disorders 50 samples (33.8%) by anxiety disorder and 45 samples (30.4%) by types of depression. Post-traumatic stress disorder and dysthymic were, respectively, the most common anxiety and depression disorders. 3 subjects (2/0%) had symptoms of dementia and one case (0.7%) suffered from schizophrenia. Family problem was the most common environmental stress. 18 new patients (12.2%) were identified. A significant relationship was observed between the number of children and types of mental disorders (p<0.001).

Conclusion: Rates of psychiatric disorders among veterans with severe chemical eye injuries are several times more than Iranian population and almost twice the frequency of these problems is non-chemical warfare victims.

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