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:: Volume 7, Issue 1 (winter 2015) ::
Iran J War Public Health 2015, 7(1): 21-28 Back to browse issues page
Effect of Schema-Based Learning on Reducing the Symptoms of Secondary Traumatic Stress in Wives of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Veterans
Kh. Abolmaali * 1, A. Kamal 2
1- Psychology Department, Psychology Faculty, Roudehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Roudehen, Iran , sama.abolmaali@gmail.com
2- Psychology Department, Psychology Faculty, Roudehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Roudehen, Iran
Abstract:   (3245 Views)

Aims: Secondary trauma is considered as a similar syndrome to post-traumatic stress disorder that is caused indirectly and through close contact with victims. This study aimed to examine the effects of schemes-based model training in reducing the symptoms of secondary traumatic stress and its dimensions (re-experiencing of the event, avoidance, and arousal) in the spouses of veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder.

Instruments & Methods: In this quasi-experimental study with pretest-posttest and control group, 24 spouses of veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder from 2006 to 2013 had been admitted to the Sadr Psychiatric Hospital of Tehran were studied. The subjects were randomly assigned to two experimental (n=12) and control (n=12) groups. Data collected using demographic questionnaire, depression, anxiety and stress scale and Secondary Traumatic Stress Scale. Schema-based approach learning was done in 12 sessions with 2h. Data were analyzed by univariate and multivariate covariance.

Findings: In the posttest phase, the mean score of secondary trauma symptoms in experimental group was significantly lower than control group. There was a significant difference between mean scores of two groups regarding disturbing, avoidance and arousal symptoms (p<0.01).

Conclusion: Schema-based instruction is an effective method for reducing of the symptoms of secondary trauma and its components (disturbing, avoidance and arousal) in the spouse of veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder.

Keywords: Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic, Veterans, Stress, Psychological, Methods
Full-Text [PDF 433 kb]   (700 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Veteran’s Health
Received: 2014/10/10 | Accepted: 2014/12/2 | Published: 2015/01/25
English Expanded Abstract [HTML 27 KB]  (13 Download)
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Abolmaali K, Kamal A. Effect of Schema-Based Learning on Reducing the Symptoms of Secondary Traumatic Stress in Wives of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Veterans. Iran J War Public Health. 2015; 7 (1) :21-28
URL: http://ijwph.ir/article-1-446-en.html


Volume 7, Issue 1 (winter 2015) Back to browse issues page
مجله طب جانباز Iranian Journal of War and Public Health
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