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:: Volume 10, Issue 1 (Winter 2018) ::
Iran J War Public Health 2018, 10(1): 41-45 Back to browse issues page
Effectiveness of Communication Skills Training on Increasing Self-Efficacy and Hopefulness of Veterans' Wives; A Case Study of Ravansar City
Ch. Pardar * 1, S. RezaKhani 2
1- Consultation Department, Educational Sciences & Counseling Faculty, Roodehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Roodehen, Iran
2- Consultation Department, Educational Sciences & Counseling Faculty, Roodehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Roodehen, Iran, Educational Sciences & Counseling Faculty, Roodehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khamene’i Boulevard, Roodehen, Iran
Abstract:   (952 Views)
Aims: Veterans' spouses are exposed to negative psychological consequences due to interaction with veterans. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of communication skills training on increasing self-efficacy and hopefulness of veterans' wives.
Materials & Methods: In this semi-experimental study, with pretest-posttest design with control group, 30 veterans' wives in Ravansar city, which had passed 10 years of their membership in martyr and Sacrificers Foundation by the end of 2014, were selected through targeted sampling. Then they were randomly assigned into two experimental and control groups (each group was 15). Research tools were General Self-efficacy Scale (GES-10) and Schneider's Hope Scale. Communication skills training was provided to the experimental group in 8 sessions of 90 minutes, once a week, but the control group did not receive any intervention. Data were analyzed by SPSS 20 using multivariate analysis of variance.
Findings: By controlling the pre-test effect, there was a significant difference between experimental and control groups in post-test scores of self-efficacy, hopefulness, agency thinking and strategic thinking factors. Communication skills training resulted in 32% and 63% change in self-efficacy and hopefulness, as well as 59% and 49% in agency thinking and strategic thinking factors (p<0.001).
Conclusion: Communication skills training is effective on increasing self-efficacy and hopefulness of veterans' wives.
Keywords: Communication Skills, Self-Efficacy, Hopefulness
Full-Text [PDF 444 kb]   (218 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Veteran’s Health
Received: 2017/07/31 | Accepted: 2017/10/25 | Published: 2017/12/26
English Expanded Abstract [HTML 19 KB]  (11 Download)
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Pardar C, RezaKhani S. Effectiveness of Communication Skills Training on Increasing Self-Efficacy and Hopefulness of Veterans' Wives; A Case Study of Ravansar City . Iran J War Public Health. 2018; 10 (1) :41-45
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Volume 10, Issue 1 (Winter 2018) Back to browse issues page
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